BBC  AUDIO ENGLISH

Шаг 1 Перед первым прослушиванием, ознакомьтесь с тремя утверждениями и определите тематику новостей. Обратите внимание на то, чем отличаются эти утверждения.

Step 1: Listen

You're going to hear a genuine BBC news report from 29 March 2016. Before you listen, read these three summaries:

a) The Great Barrier Reef will die in the next few months.

b) Sections of the Great Barrier Reef could die in the next few months.

c) The Great Barrier Reef is being affected by a previously unknown effect.

Now listen and decide which one is correct.

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Шаг 2 Перед вторым прослушиванием прочитайте определения трех новых слов, которые возможно помогут вам понять общее содержание новостей. 

Step 2: Learn the key words and listen again

How was that? Try listening again. Here are three definitions of key vocabulary items which may help you.

reef /riːf/
a line of rock near or above the surface of the sea

episodes /ˈepɪsəʊd/ — эпизод, период
single events related to but separate from others

coral bleaching (bleach /bliːtʃ/ — отбеливающее вещество)
damage to coral caused by warm water

Extra Vocabulary

to warn /wɔːn/ — предупреждать

to tell someone that something bad may happen in the future, so that they can prevent it

scientist (s) /ˈsaɪəntɪst/ — ученый

someone who studies science or works in science 

to affect /əˈfekt/ — влиять

to influence someone or something, or cause them to change

to suffer /ˈsʌfə/ — страдать

1) to experience pain or unpleasant emotions

e. g. She suffers from а severe allergy to oranges / a severe headache.

2) to experience an injury or other sudden health problem: suffer a broken leg / a heart attack, etc (сломать ногу / перенести инфаркт)

e.g. He suffered a bad heart attack last year.

worst /wɜːst/

superlative of bad: the most unpleasant or difficult

bad – worse – the worst

NB! Работа с лексикой предполагает как устную отработку слов, так и приобретение орфографических навыков правописания слов в английском языке.

Шаг 3 Третье прослушивание проведите с опорой на текст аудиозаписи и выберите правильный ответ.

Step 3: Transcript and answer

Scientists in Australia are warning that large parts of the Great Barrier Reef could die within the next few months because it's suffering from one of its worst ever episodes of coral bleaching.  

Answer

b) Sections of the Great Barrier Reef could die in the next few months.

Let’s learn some facts about the Great Barrier Reef

Where is the Great Barrier Reef located?

This unique marine park is the world’s largest coral reef system which consists of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands. It stretches over 3,000 kilometers and is located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland, Australia. The reef is between 15 kilometres and 150 kilometres off shore and around 65 km wide in some parts. It is larger than the Great Wall of China.

Большой коралловый риф

The Great Barrier Reef

What is the Great Barrier Reef?

The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world's biggest single structure made by living organisms. This reef is built by billions of tiny organisms known as coral polyps. You can find here more than 400 different kinds of coral, impressive coral sponges, molluscs, rays, dolphins, over 1500 species of tropical fish, more than 200 types of birds, around 20 types of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old. In 1981 it was selected as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and was labelled as one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

Кораллы

The coral polyps

Ecological Threats

The Reef is home to a treasure trove of plants and animals, many of them as yet unknown to science. But all of this is at grave risk. The Reef is highly vulnerable. In the past three decades, it has lost half its coral cover, pollution has caused deadly starfish outbreaks, and global warming has produced horrific coral bleaching. Coastal development also looms as a major threat.

Coral bleaching – is the result of global warming caused by the mining and burning of fossil fuel like coal. Global warming is heating our oceans and if the water stays too warm for too long, corals will bleach and die.

выцветание кораллов

Coral Bleaching

Vocabulary

marine /məˈriːn/ – морской

to stretch – простираться

outer space /ˈaʊtə speɪs/ – открытый космос

sponge /spʌndʒ/ – губка

mollusc /ˈmɒl.əsk/ – молюск

ray /reɪ/ – рыба скат

reptile /ˈreptaɪl/ – рептилия

turtle /ˈtɜːtl/ – морская черепаха

clam /klæm/   – морской моллюск

giant  /ˈdʒaɪənt/  – гигантский, громадный

to label /ˈleɪbəl/ – прикреплять ярлык

World Heritage Site – объект всемирного наследия

natural wonder of the world – природное чудо света

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) – ЮНЕСКО

treasure trove /ˈtreʒ.ə ˌtrəʊv/  – кладезь (сокровище)

grave risk – смертельная опасность

vulnerable /ˈvʌlnərəbl/ – уязвимый, ранимый

decade /ˈdekeɪd/ – десятилетие

outbreak – вспышка, взрыв, выброс на поверхность

horrific / terrific – ужасающий

to loom – принимать угрожающий размер

threat /θret/ – угроза

fossil fuel /ˈfɒs (ə) l ˈfjuːəl/ – топливо (a fuel such as coal or oil that is obtained from under the ground)

 

Источник: https://ru.wikipedia.org

Enjoy listening!


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