Елена Шрамкова

Елена Шрамкова

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Halloween cards

Halloween scrapbooking activity

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Hello, dear readers!

Celebrating Halloween with my students is always fun! ! And this year we’ve decided to make something special! I hope that some of you are very good at scrapbooking but if you’ve never heard about this activity before, read this short definition from Wikipedia:

Scrapbooking is a method, an art for preserving, presenting, arranging personal and family history in the form of a book, box, card.  

Halloween cards

Halloween scrapbooking activity 2017

An early known American scrapbooker and inventor of scrapbooking supplies was Mark Twain. Twain was known to carry scrapbooks on his travels as he collected souvenirs, clippings and pictures.

Nowadays the hobby of scrapbooking is very popular and you can find lots of tips and ideas on social networks.

Most of my students, especially girls, are fond of card making which is a kind of scrapbooking. We always make cards for Christmas, St. Valentine’s Day and Women’s Day. I am absolutely sure it’s a fantastic way to develop your creativity. Moreover, working together, you master your skills in teambuilding: you learn from other members of your group how to cooperate together in order to make your own incredible funny item (card), you learn to be supportive and responsible.

So, we started with collecting stuff for our cards. You can buy scrapbooking paper and various templates at any craft store. I bought a set of black cardboard for kids’ craft at so-called “Fix price store”. It cost me only 55 roubles (1$) which is quite cheap. There are similar shops in the UK which are called “One pound” where you can buy any item for 1 pound only.

Solid objects such as plants, silverware, or small trinkets can be used too when further visual representation is needed.

What I like best about our cards is that they are special and have got their personalized touches. They give my students the feeling of proud for something unique they have made and that is not wide spread.  Actually, their friends and parents appreciated all the effort that has been done into designing.

Materials

Halloween scrapbook paper (“Mystery forest”)

Halloween black-and-white or coloured templates or foam shapes (a haunted house, a bat, a ghost, a skeleton, a black cat, a witch, a jack-o’-lantern, a spider, a skull, etc.)

set of coloured cardboard

white computer paper

glue stick

scissors

Optional

glow in the dark Halloween stickers

Halloween ribbons

Halloween felt sheets

black pipe cleaners

easy glue eyes

glitter shakers

painting kit

ruler

craft knife

Instructions

  • Choose the patterns on the Internet and download them. Print the patterns on white paper or cardboard.
  • Cut out the patterns. When cutting out shapes, try rotating the paper instead of the scissors.
  • Glue card items on the scrapbook paper but don't overload it!
  • Celebrate a special occasion or event with cherished photos.

Useful tips

  • If you want to be tuned into the ins and outs of the scrapping stuff, read different blog posts about scrapbooking.
  • Work together in groups or in pairs. As the English proverb says “Two heads are better than one".
  • Let your imagination run wild and don't be afraid to be bold! Move pieces on the cardboard until you are absolutely happy with the picture (with your card)

Hope you liked this Halloween scrapbooking activity and our beautiful Halloween cards.

Happy Halloween!

 

Task 40 London Zoo 2010

ЕГЭ Задание 40 Opinion Essay: Zoo

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Здравствуйте, дорогие читатели!

Считанные часы остаются до начала экзамена. На последней консультации мы с учащимися разбирали тему про зоопарки из открытого банка заданий ФИПИ. Год 2017 объявлен годом экологии в России, поэтому нам показалось уместным рассмотреть тему необходимости создания зоопарков в крупных и мелких городах.

В этой статье представлен примерный образец выполнения Задания 40 (Opinion Essay) ЕГЭ по английскому языку с пошаговым планом. Honestly speaking, it was written for you at the eleventh hour. (The idiom «at the eleventh hour» means «at the last possible moment or opportunity».)
ЕГЭ Задание 40

Opinion Essay: Zoo

Comment on the following statement.

Every city and every town should have a zoo.

What is your opinion?

Write 200 — 250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • Make the introduction (state the problem)
  • Express your personal opinion and give 2 – 3 reasons for your opinion
  • Express the opposing opinion and give 1 – 2 reasons for this opposing opinion
  • Explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
  • Make a conclusion restating your position

Task 40 London Zoo 2010

London Zoo 2010

Образец оформления текста сочинения

Приступая к выполнению этого задания, подумайте, необходимо ли иметь зоопарк в каждом населенном пункте нашей страны. Как Вы считаете, целесообразно ли содержание в клетках животных, и к каким последствиям это может привести.

Вступительная часть (the introduction)

Начните писать свое сочинение, перефразировав предложенный текст-стимул.

Например:

Lots of people in big cities, especially children, enjoy visiting zoos. At the same time those who live in small towns do not have such an opportunity. Is it really necessary to have a zoo in every corner of our big country? (42)

Основная часть сочинения, как правило, состоит из трех абзацев:

— express your personal opinion (ваша точка зрения + 2 – 3 аргумента)

— express the opposing opinion (точка зрения воображаемого оппонента + 1 – 2 аргумента)

— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion (объясните, почему вы не согласны с точкой зрения оппонента, то есть приведите 1 – 2 контраргумента)

Итак, во вступлении вы сформулировали две противоположных точки зрения (обратите внимание, что здесь мы не выражаем своего личного мнения по проблеме!) Выберите тот тезис, который выражает вашу точку зрения, и приступайте к подбору аргументов и доводов в свою пользу.

Правила подбора аргументов:

  • Обратите внимание, что элементы «тезис – аргумент – довод» всегда должны быть логически связаны между собой
  • Нужно всегда выделять ключевые слова при анализе утверждений: ключевые слова в тезисе помогут подобрать аргументы, а ключевые слова в аргументе помогут правильно сформулировать довод.
  • Выделив ключевые слова в аргументе, составьте вопрос, проясняющий их содержание. Ответами на этот вопрос будут являться доводы.
  • При выборе аргументов «ЗА», не ссылайтесь на мнение оппонента (вы отстаиваете СВОЮ позицию).

Воспользуйтесь схемой, которая поможет вам правильно подобрать аргументы:

ТЕЗИС                →               ПОТОМУ ЧТО               →               АРГУМЕНТ

АРГУМЕНТ         →               ПОЭТОМУ                     →               ТЕЗИС

Тезис автора:   

I am strongly convinced that there is no need to build zoos in every town or city.

Аргументы:
1) It is cruel to keep animals in unnatural environment.
2) To maintain the work of the zoo at the proper level, the local authorities should provide due financial security and professional staff.

3) The significant differences in climate conditions might harm animals.

Схема подбора доводов:

АРГУМЕНТ             →               ПОТОМУ ЧТО               →             ДОВОД

ДОВОД                  →               ПОЭТОМУ                     →             АРГУМЕНТ

Доводы:

1) It is cruel to keep animals in unnatural environment like small cages because they do not have enough space to move around.  (22)


2) To maintain the work of the zoo at the proper level, the local authorities should provide due financial security and staff in order to take care of animals and their cubs. (31)

3) The significant differences in climate conditions might harm animals that is why it would be better if they lived in their natural habitat.  (24)

Аргументы оппонента:

  • A local zoo can encourage better treatment of wildlife.
  • People can save endangered animals of their area.
  • Local zoos can give lots of positive emotions for children who can enjoy a close contact with the animals. For example, they can feed and even stroke them.

Правила подбора контраргументов:

  • Нужно частично признать, что в аргументах оппонента есть здравый смысл
  • Выделите в доводах оппонента ключевые слова и на их основе нужно сформулировать противоположные по смыслу утверждения
  • Количество контрдоводов должно равняться количеству аргументов оппонента, то есть, если вы написали 2 аргумента в поддержку мнения условного оппонента, то должны представить 2 контрдовода (Очень важно!!!)
  • Нужно проверить, что контраргумент отвечает на вопрос, почему аргумент оппонента является неубедительным

 

Вывод (Make a conclusion)

В конце сочинения проверьте, достаточно ли отражена убедительность вашего тезиса в общем выводе (5й абзац). То есть, вам нужно еще раз повторить мысль, которая представляет ваше мнение по данному вопросу.

Например:

  1. All in all, I should say that to organize a zoo is a big responsibility which only a big city with the lasting contributions can provide.
  2. To sum it up, I reckon that it is not reasonable to set up a zoo in each settlement because they are not really for the animals’ benefit.

Task 40 London Zoo 2010

London Zoo 2010

Sample answer

Lots of people in big cities, especially children, enjoy visiting zoos. At the same time those who live in small towns do not have such an opportunity. Is it really necessary to have a zoo in every corner of our immense country? (42)

I am strongly convinced that there is no need to build zoos in every town or city. Firstly, small towns cannot set up adequate environment for wild animals that is why I find it cruel and unnatural to keep them in small cages.  (as they do not have enough space to move around) Secondly, the local authorities are most likely not able to provide due financial support and highly qualified staff to maintain the work of the zoo at the proper level. Moreover, the significant differences in climate conditions might harm exotic animals that are kept in the northern parts of the country. So, it would be better if they lived in their natural habitat.  (147)

However, there are people who have another point of view on this issue. They are sure that local zoos can encourage better treatment of wildlife. Besides, they think that endangered animals of their area can be saved if they are brought to a local zoo. (192)

Nevertheless, I cannot fully agree with this statement because some tropical birds or animals such as giraffes, crocodiles and elephants cannot stand hard frosts and low temperatures so, they might feel bad. What is more, animals in captivity have always been a challenge to breed. (237)

All in all, I should say that to organize a zoo is a big responsibility which only a big city with the lasting contributions can provide. (263)

 

P.S. All photos provided in this article were made by the author during her visit to London in 2010.

If you like the article, share it with those who might need it.

Feel free to leave a comment in the commnet section below the article.

Good luck in your exam!

 

 

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