Pet is a tame animal that is kept at home. The most popular pets are horses, cats and dogs. But with children smaller animals are often more popular, for example, goldfish, birds such as parrots, budgies and canaries, hamsters, white mice, rabbits, tortoises and guinea pigs. People keep them at home for different reasons, but mainly to provide companionship and amusement.
To my mind it is useful to keep pets, because from looking after their pets boys and girls can learn the meaning of responsibilities. As a rule, children are responsible for feeding and walking the pets and cleaning out their cages and boxes.
Elderly people prefer dogs and cats as pets. They are easier to look after and return affection. In particular they provide companionship which can be very important for a person living alone.
I’ve read a lot of interesting facts about dogs. For example, in the old days the ships usually had a Newfoundland dog on board the ship. If a sailor fell into the sea, the dog jumped in and rescued him. St. Bernard dogs are very good at finding lost people in the snow. They can smell a man under two metres of snow. The first guide dogs which helped blind soldiers from World War I were German. Guide dogs are usually Labradors or Alsatians.
tame - ручной
guinea pig /ˈɡɪni ˌpɪɡ/ - морская свинка
companionship - общение
canary /kəˈneəri/ - канарейка
in particular - в частности
obedient /əˈbiːdiənt/ - послушный
paw /pɔː/ - лапа
front paws - передние лапы
hind paws - задние лапы
claw /klɔː/ - когти
claw sharpener - когтеточка
kennel /ˈkenəl/ - конура
cage /keɪdʒ/ - клетка
encouragement - поощрение, ободрение
reward /rɪˈwɔːd/ - награда
to disturb /dɪˈstɜːb/ - беспокоить
to stroke /strəʊk/ - гладить животное
to rescue /ˈreskjuː/ - спасать
Questions for discussion
Have you got any pets?
What pet have you got?
What is its name?
What colour is your pet (dog/cat)?
How old is your pet (dog/cat)?
What is the breed of your dog?
It is clever, isn’t it?
How many tricks does it know?
Does your dog like to play with a ball?
How do you look after your dog? (Every morning I give him food and some water. I always feed my dog at regular times. Then I wash its bowl. In the evening I take my dog for long walks and then I brush his paws at home.)
What does your dog/cat like to eat? (It likes meat, bones, bread, milk, soup, porridge, potatoes, and sausages. Sometimes I buy some special food which is neatly packed in paper bags or tinned food.)
Do you train your dog to be obedient /əˈbiːdiənt/? (Yes, I do. I train my dog to fulfill my commands through encouragement and reward. I don’t allow my dog to be noisy and disturb the neighbours.)
Do you take your dog to the veterinarian? (Yes, I do it regularly. The vet gives him injections /ɪnˈdʒekʃən/ and some pills to avoid different diseases.)
Where does your dog live? (It lives indoors/outdoors in the kennel.)
In conclusion I should say that we understand each other without words. He likes me stroking his head and I’m very glad when he joyfully meets me from school. As the saying goes: “Dog is the man’s best friend”.
BREEDS OF DOGS
- bulldog /ˈbʊldɒɡ/ — бульдог
- boxer /ˈbɒksər/ — боксёр
- Great Dane — датский дог
- fox terrier /ˈteriə/ — фокстерьер
- bull terrier — бультерьер
- Scottish terrier — скотч терьер
- Yorkshire terrier/ˌjɔːkʃə ˈteriə/ — йоркширский терьер
- Pekinese dog /ˌpiːkɪˈniːz/ - пекинес
- spitz = Pomeranian dog /ˈspɪts/ — шпиц
- chow – chow /tʃaʊ/ — чау-чау
- husky /ˈhʌski/ — лайка
- Afghan hound /haʊnd/ — афганская борзая
- greyhound — английская борзая
- deerhound — шотландская борзая
- basset hound — бассет-хаунд
- blood hound — блад-хаунд
- Alsatian /ælˈseɪʃən/ (German sheepdog = a police dog = guide dog) — немецкая овчарка
- Caucasus sheepdog /ˈkɔːkəsəs/ — кавказская овчарка
- Scottish sheepdog = collie /ˈkɒli/ — шотландская овчарка
- Doberman pinscher — доберман
- Russian-European Shepherd dog — русско-европейская овчарка
- Dalmatian /dælˈmeɪʃən/ — далматинец
- Newfoundland dog — ньюфаундленд (водолаз)
- Bernard dog — сенбернар
- English setter — сеттер
- Schnauzer — шнауцер
- poodle (pigmy poodle) — пудель
- cocker spaniel /ˈspænjəl/ — кокер-спаниель
- dachshund /ˈdæksənd/ or /ˈdɑːks.hʊnd/- такса
- pointer — пойнтер
- pug dog /pʌɡ/ — мопс
- lap-dog — болонка
- gun dog — легавая
- Labrador /ˈlæbrədɔː/ — лабрадор
- Corgi /ˈkɔːɡi/ — корги (любимая порода королевы Елизаветы II)
- mongrel /ˈmʌŋɡrəl/ = mutt /mʌt/ — дворняга
- A cat has nine lives. — Живуч, как кошка.
- All cats are grey in the dark. — Ночью все кошки серые.
- Curiosity killed a cat. — Много будешь знать — скоро состаришься.
- A cat in gloves catches no mice. — Без труда не выловишь и рыбку из пруда.
- It is enough to make a cat laugh. — Курам на смех.
- Like a cat on hot bricks. — Сидеть, как на иголках.
- It's raining cats and dogs. — Льет как из ведра.
- Barking dogs seldom bite. — Не бойся собаки, что лает, а бойся той, что молчит.
- Every dog has his day. — Будет и на нашей улице праздник.
- Love me, love my dog. — Кто гостю рад, тот и собачку его накормит.
- You can print English proverbs and their equivalents in your mother tongue (if there are any). Then cut them into stripes and ask students to match them. You could divide your class into groups. For this you have to make several sets of provers to hand out for your students. The winner is the team that is first matches all the proverbs correctly.
- You can cut into two pieces all English proverbs, mix them up and then ask students to match both parts of a proverb. The winner is the student who finishes first. In this case you might print a set of proverbs for each student.
What pet animal have you got, dear reader?
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We live in a five-storeyed block of flats (in a detached house) in Nadrechnaya Street. It is in the center of our village (town, city). There are a lot of different shops nearby and it’s very convenient to do everyday shopping. Our flat is on the ground floor. It is very comfortable and well-planned. We have all modern conveniences, such as central heating, electricity, gas, cold and hot running water, the telephone and the Internet. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom, and a hall in our flat (house). There is also a balcony in the flat and we can see the top of the church.
The Living Room
The largest room in our flat (house) is the living room. We use it as a dining room, too. In the middle of the room there is a table and six (four) chairs round it. Also you can see a red wall-to-wall carpet on the floor. Opposite the window there is a wall-unit with lots of books, a dinner set, goblets and glasses, a coffee set, a tea set. In the left-hand corner of the room there is a wood fireplace. Most of all I like sitting comfortably in the rocking chair in front of the fire and watching the burning flame. It makes me feel calm. In the right-hand corner there are two comfortable armchairs and a small coffee table between them. Under the window there is a sofa with lots of soft cushions. Our cat is used to sleeping among them. There is a flat-screen TV-set on the wall in front of the sofa. We like this room best of all because in the evenings we gather there to have tea, watch TV, talk and rest.
My room is the smallest room in our flat, but it is cosy and light. My brother and I share one bedroom. There is one big window with white and navy blue curtains on it. There are some plants on the window-sill. We have got modern furniture which helps to save space in the room. It is light brown. Under the window there is a desk with a computer (a laptop). There is an office chair at the desk. To the right of the room you can see bunk beds. Near the bunk beds there are several toy boxes where my brother keeps his toys. There are two big wardrobes with sliding mirror doors and several bookshelves opposite the bed. I should say that I always make my bed and keep my things in order. There is a white mat on the floor near the bed. The wallpaper in my room is really nice. (The walls in my room are painted blue.) You can find a lot of posters of my favourite singers (actors, sportsmen) on the walls. I like my room very much and often invite my friends. We spend a good time together playing computer games (table games), listening to music or watching our favourite films (youth series, cartoons).
To finish with, I would like to mention that in front of our house there are some flower-beds with tulips, roses, gladioli, asters and dahlias. And behind the house there is a kitchen garden where we grow different fruit and vegetables. In the garden we have an arbor and in summer we usually have our family dinners there.
block of flats - многоквартирный дом
9-storeyed block of flats - девятиэтажный дом
detached house - частный дом
mansion - особняк
cottage - деревенский домик
country house/dacha - дача
arbour - беседка
balcony - балкон
roof - крыша
chimney — труба
fireplace/mantelpiece - камин
attic - чердак
wall - стена
wallpaper / liquid wallpaper - обои / жидкие обои
front / back door — дверь (парадная/задняя)
floor — пол
window - окно
window sill - подоконник
ceiling — потолок
stretch (suspended) ceiling — натяжной потолок
garage — гараж
shed — сарай
garden — сад
frontage/front garden - палисадник
kitchen garden — огород
yard — двор
flowerbed - клумба
living room /sitting room — гостиная
bedroom — спальня
dining room - столовая
study — рабочий кабинет
children’s room /nursery — детская комната
bathroom — анная комната
kitchen — кухня
toilet - туалет
hall — прихожая
corridor - коридор
cellar / basement — подвал
store-room - кладовка
downstairs — на первом этаже (внизу)
upstairs - на втором этаже
staircase — лестница в доме
furniture unit (wall unit) - мебельный гарнитур ( стенка )
candlestick — подсвечник
chandelier — люстра
chair - стул
armchair - мягкое кресло
rocking chair — кресло-качалка
swivel office chair — вращающийся стул (офисный стул)
dressing stool — банкетка
stool — табурет
ottoman - пуфик
bookcase - книжный шкаф
book-shelf (shelves) - книжная полка (полки)
book stand - этажерка
wardrobe - шкаф для одежды
cupboard - шкаф (буфет)
sideboard — сервант
desk — письменный стол / парта
table — обеденный стол
coffee-table — столик журнальный
dressing-table - туалетный столик
bedside table - прикроватная тумбочка
bed — кровать
twin beds - две односпальные кровати
double bed - двуспальная кровать
bunk beds — двухъярусная кровать
corner couch — мягкий уголок
sofa — диван
lamp / wall-lamp / floor lamp - лампа / бра / торшер
desk-lamp (table-lamp/reading-lamp) - настольная лампа
chest-of-drawers — комод
mirror - зеркало
coat rack - вешалка для одежды с крючками
houseplants (indoor plants) — комнатные растения
vase - ваза
aquarium - аквариум
fountain - фонтан
computer — компьютер
laptop - ноутбук
flat-screen TV set - телевизор с плоским экраном
DVD-player - DVD плеер
radio — радио
stereo — музыкальный центр
wall bars — шведская стенка
toy box — ящик для игрушек
Prepositions of place
in — в
on — на
under — под
over / above — над
between — между (двух предметов)
among — среди (многих предметов)
in front of — перед
behind — позади
at, by, near — около, у, возле
in the corner of the room — в углу комнаты
in the middle of the room — в середине комнаты
opposite — напротив
to the left of the room — слева в комнате
to the right of the room — справа в комнате
My students were asked to make paper models of their houses: a living room, my room, a kitchen and a bathroom. Look at our pictures above! We borrowed the idea from the group «We Teach English» in VK.
You can do such models with your students, too.
Hope this article was useful for you.
Thank you for reading!