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Mountainboarding

Extreme Sports: Snowboarding and Mountainboarding

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Why do people take part in extreme sports?

Are you a risky person? Have you ever tried taking up any of the adventure sports which are a huge craze today especially among young generation? What makes extreme sport athletes set their life on a chance?

For most people who participate in extreme sports it is an inexplicable indulgence that ordinary people cannot understand. There is something in these activities that attracts both men and women to take that plunge.

The thrill of risk-taking

Studies say that extreme sports evolved as a reaction to the increasingly safe life. As daily life lacks risks, a common man feels the need to experience the thrill in risk-taking.

Many of us take precautions whether at home or outdoors. Extreme sport athletes on the other hand are always putting their lives on the line every time they step outside. Even when they are idle, they are busy plotting their next big risky adventure. Have you ever felt the pump of adrenaline sitting in a roller coaster? This is what drives extreme sport athletes and makes them to be daredevils. They love the adrenaline rush that comes with the act of participating in an adventure sport.

Achievements and respect

Extreme sport athletes feed on the competition and the respect that comes with being able to overcome the hurdles of each event. They set the bar higher each time focusing on the goals that they strive to achieve.

Publicity

The worldwide spread of extreme sports is attributed to the media. Television and movies have been responsible for gaining a widespread participation in extreme sports. People take part in thrilling sports activities for publicity. They get an opportunity to appear on television by participating in extreme sports game shows.

Vocabulary

set one's life on a chance = adventure (venture) one’s life = put one’s life on the line  –  рисковать жизнью

inexplicable  indulgence  –  необъяснимая глупость (прихоть, поступок)

plunge  –  прыжок, погружение, решительный шаг

huge craze – повальное увлечение (мода, мания)

to take precautions  –  принимать меры предосторожности

madcap – сумасбродный

idle – незанятый, бездействующий, неиспользуемый, пустой

daredevil – смельчак, сорвиголова, бесшабашный человек

to strive – прилагать усилия, состязаться

roller coaster – американские горки

adrenaline rush – выброс адреналина

hurdle – препятствие

Kinds of extreme sports 

Extreme sports comprise sport activities which have an element of adventure. They are popular among those brave ones who crave for thrill and excitement.

«Extreme sport» is a name given by the media to the activities which involve danger. They often include speed, height, or physical exertion. These activities can be in the form of thrilling stunts.

Such extreme sports covering all kinds of madcap activities like snowboarding, rock climbing, surfing, racing, skydiving, paragliding, skateboarding, and others have become popular last twenty years.

Now let’s have a closer look at some of them.

Snowboarding

Snowboarding is the fastest-growing winter sport. It’s catching on all over the world and now is included in the Olympic Games. Snowboarding is also a way of life, with its own equipment, style, music and even language.

The ‘father’ of snowboarding is Jake Burton. He became hooked on the idea when he was a teenager and took 15 years to create a perfect snowboard. Now he owns the largest snowboard business in the world.

Snowboarding

Jake Burton, Snowboarding

Snowboarding is different from skiing. “The only thing skiing has in common with snowboarding is the snow”, says one snowboarding fan. Many people believe it’s easier for you to learn snowboarding when you didn’t ski before.

A snowboard looks like a big skateboard without wheels. While standing up with both feet on a board, a snowboarder slides down a slope, controlling the direction with the same small movements that a skateboarder uses. The most difficult thing is, of course, to keep balance.

Skiers, however, aren’t happy about the latest craze. They say that snowboards ruin the surface of the snow and that snowboarders frighten them as they fly down hills at amazing speeds. But snowboarders will give you a long list of reasons why snowboarding is better than skiing.

Snowboarding is especially popular with teenagers and college students. ‘Skiing is for old people’, says a student from Colorado. ‘Snowboarding is for the young. You can go crazy when you snowboard and that’s cool.’

The advantages of snowboarding

  • Simplicity to ‘ride’, the only equipment you need is a snowboard which you can carry on your shoulders. Because you don’t need poles, your hands are free – so you can wave to friends, take photos and throw snowballs.
  • Easy to learn: you don’t need to be as physically fit to snowboard as to ski. The first thing is to learn how to stand up, then to keep balance. Also, if you fall, you are less likely to hurt yourself and you don’t have to crawl back up the slope to pick up your equipment.
  • Comfort: snowboarding boots are soft, light and comfortable. Also, you can wear whatever you want – but the looser and brighter the clothes, the better.
  • Flexibility: unlike skiers, riders don’t care whether the condition of the snow and the slopes is good or not – they can snowboard on almost any snow-covered surface.

Do you speak snowboard?

Burton: a snowboard named after Jake Burton

freshie: fresh snow

going fat: flying high into the air

goofy-footed: people who stand on the board with their left foot first (most people have their right foot first)

a hit: a jump

pow pow: powder snow

to ride: to snowboard

sick: scary or excellent (or both)

Vocabulary

to catch on – войти в моду, завоевывать популярность

to become hooked on – увлечься чем-то

to have in common – иметь схожие черты, сходство

to keep balance [´bæləns]  – сохранять равновесие

to crawl  [krɔ:l] – ползти

to wave – махать рукой

loose clothes – свободная одежда

are less likely to hurt yourself —  у вас меньше вероятности ушибиться

wheel – колесо

slope – склон

pole – лыжная палка

flexibility – гибкость, свобода

All Terrain Boarding (ATB) or Mountainboarding

Mountainboarding is a fairly new extreme sport gaining massive popularity in Cornwall, the UK. 

All terrain or mountain boarding is all about getting down a hill having fun. Riding something similar to a long skateboard with four wheels with pneumatic tyres, you strap in and roll down everything from a gentle grass slopes to urban streets. The riding sensation is somewhere between snowboard, surf and skate, with the benefit of being able to ride on any surface.

Although a lot of riding takes place in woods and fields, a large number of mountain board centres have opened across the UK and the rest of the world in recent years.

Many of these centres hold fun days and regional competitions where you will see riders performing tricks borrowed from snowboarding, and some new ones specific to ATB.

ATB is very easy to do and if you would like to try boarding you can visit one of these centers which are suitable for beginners. All terrain boarding is also perfect for kids. All centres have a wide range of boards, including kids’ models and all have nursery slopes to get you started.

Tom Kirkman from Calstock in Cornwall is pretty good at most things he tries.

Mountainboarding

Tom Kirkman, ATB

Tom says: “I’m addicted to boarding. The relaxed nature of the sport and competitions, the room for innovation and the ability to ride any terrain means I can have the freedom to try anything I want when riding. Whether ripping up a skate park or hitting woodland trails, it’s all about friends, breaking new ground and having a laugh.”
Whilst having a laugh, Tom has become one of the most influential riders in the world. Often introducing new tricks he has pushed the sport's freestylers to new heights. He has also been the fastest rider on almost every boarder cross event he attended in the last couple of years.

fairly new – довольно новый

to be addicted to – быть зависимым

surface [´sɜ:fis]поверхность

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Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk

 

Царь-Колокол

Moscow

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To begin with, I’ve been to Moscow several times and also I’ve read a lot about this magnificent city and its history. (If you have never been to Moscow you may say: To begin with I’ve never been to Moscow but I’ve read a lot about this magnificent city and its history.) You can’t but agree with me that Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

In my opinion the best way to see a strange city is to buy a map and a guide-book. Then I think you should follow the recommended sightseeing routes. Certainly, that is not enough to study the city well. If you would like to learn more about a city, it is useful to walk along the streets and look around to see historical places, buildings and monuments. There is no doubt that you should visit art galleries and museums. Besides this you may ask a resident of the city to advise you what places of interest you should see first.

Historical Facts

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural center. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1147. It stands on the banks of the Moskva River. About ten million people live in the city. Moscow is the seat of our Government. President of Russia lives and works there.

In the 13th century Moscow was the center of the struggle of Russian lands for the liberation from the tartar yoke. In the 16th century under Ivan the Terrible Moscow became the capital of the new state. Though Peter the Great moved the capital to St. Petersburg in 1712, Moscow remained the heart of Russia. That is why it became the main target of Napoleon’s attack. Three-quarters of the city was destroyed by fire during Napoleon’s occupation, but by the mid-19th century Moscow had been completely restored. After the October revolution Moscow became the capital again.

Places of Interest

To my mind the best starting point of the tour around the city is Red Square. It is the place of parades, meetings and demonstrations. Here one can see the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed which was built in the mid-16th century in memory of the victory over Kazan. There is a legend that Ivan the Terrible blinded the architects Barma and Postnik, because he didn’t want them to create another masterpiece. Tourists can see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky (designed by Ivan Martos) in memory of the Russian victory over the Polish invaders in 1612.

But without any doubt the heart of Moscow is the Kremlin. The first thing that meets the eye is the redbrick walls of the Kremlin, reinforced by 20 towers, five of which are also gates. The Kremlin's towers are unique in appearance. Built in 1485, the Tainitsky Tower is the oldest one. The highest of them is the Trinity Tower which is 80 metres tall.

On the five tops of the Kremlin towers there are shining ruby stars. The clock that strikes every quarter of an hour is on the main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower.

On the territory of the Kremlin you can see old cathedrals, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Tzar-Cannon and the Tzar-Bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world.

The Alexander Garden is situated near the Kremlin wall. In 1967 the Memorial architectural ensemble was set up over the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. There are always a lot of flowers at the foot of the monument, especially on Victory Day.

Culture and Sport

Moscow is a scientific and cultural centre where there are lots of institutes, universities, libraries, museums, technical schools, colleges and secondary schools. The largest museums of Moscow are the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and the State Tretyakov Gallery. If you are fond of art I’m sure the best way to spend your time is to visit these places.

The Tretyakov Gallery was founded in 1856 by the merchant Pavel Tretyakov, a patron of the arts, who left his private collection as a gift to the nation. Since then it has become one of the most popular places of interest in Moscow. Here you can find old Russian icons and paintings by the outstanding Russian artists: Repin, Kramskoy, Serov, Perov, Levitan, Vasnetsov, Shishkin, Polenov and others.

At the Museum of Fine Arts there are masterpieces by great European painters: Rubens, Van Gogh, Henri Matiss, Pablo Picasso, Rembrandt, Botticelli, John Constable and others.

Moscow is a city of theatre-goers. It has more than 40 drama and musical theatres, including the Bolshoi Theatre with its famous ballet and opera, the Maly Theatre, the Vakhtangov Theatre, the Sovremennik, the Satire Theatre and many others.

Muscovites are fond of sports. So, there are a lot of stadiums, swimming-pools, sports grounds and courts. The biggest stadium is Luzhniki. Moscow was the host of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games in 1980.

The citizens of Moscow enjoy spending their weekends in parks, forests and gardens. For example, in the Park of Culture and Rest, in Izmailovo, Sokolniki, Fili   they can see amateur actors, go boating and ride different attractions.

Transport System

Moscow is a very big city, and its transport must be comfortable and fast. One can see a lot of cars, buses, trolleybuses, trams in the streets of the city. The Moscow metro began its work on the 15th of May, 1935. There were 13 stations at that time. Now it has 190 stations. Our metro is a beautiful and convenient one. There are nine railway stations in Moscow and three main airports such as Sheremetyevo, Vnukovo and Domodedovo  around the city.

Also we say that Moscow is a port of five seas, as the Moscow-Volga Canal links Moscow with the Baltic, White, Caspian and Black seas and the Sea of Azov.
To finish with, I’d like to say that certainly Moscow is worth seeing.

достопримечательности Москвы

Moscow is worth seeing!

 

Vocabulary

magnificent                                    -                           великолепный

strange                                            -                          незнакомый

guide-book                                     -                           путеводитель

route                                               -                           маршрут

resident                                           -                           житель

to advise                                         -                           советовать

century                                            -                           столетие, век

government                                     -                           правительство

struggle                                           -                           борьба

liberation                                         -                           освобождение

tartar yoke                                       -                           татарское иго

to remain                                         -                           оставаться

target                                               -                            цель

to destroy                                        -                            разрушать

to restore                                         -                            восстанавливать

to create                                          -                            создавать

to blind                                            -                            ослеплять

masterpiece                                     -                            шедевр

tower                                               -                            башня

cathedral                                          -                            кафедральный собор

ensemble                                          -                           архитектурный ансамбль

merchant                                          -                           купец

host                                                   -                          хозяин

the Tzar-Bell                                    -                            Царь-колокол

the Tzar-Cannon                               -                           Царь-пушка

Внимание!

Образцы писем о достопримечательностях Москвы Вы можете найти (здесь).

Sample letters about Moscow sights can be found here.

 

Music Time!

Moscow    Calling

(Gorky   Park )

1. Getting on a phone with a busy line,

Talking on a phone and losing my mind.

Never, never, never, never realize

It feels so far, like a million miles.

Give me, give me, give me, give me little hand.

Just listen to your heart, don’t consider it.

I’m looking out at a city night,

I see your eyes in city light.

 

Refrain:

Moscow calling. Operator, don’t tease me.

Moscow calling. Operator, what’s going on?

Moscow calling. All the circuits are busy.

Moscow calling. I’m going on, ain’t giving it up.

 

2. Party, party, party, party somewhere going crazy.

Night is calling me out there but I grip the phone,

I’m having no choice.

No coffee, no beer, no cigarettes

And line is still busy.

Operator on the other end I need your voice,

I need to hear your voice.

 

Refrain:

Moscow calling. Operator, don’t tease me.

Moscow calling. Operator, what’s going on?

Moscow calling. All the circuits are busy.

Moscow calling. I’m going on, ain’t giving it up.

I’m phono phono phono phonomaniac. (6)

 

3. When I hear your voice, I wanna kiss the phone,

I wanna get paid for the weeks I stayed alone.

I have no one else to call

For you I wanna save it all

But it doesn’t get through

I’m going on and on,

I feel I’m gonna break this telephone.

 

Refrain:

Moscow calling. Operator, don’t tease me.

Moscow calling. Operator, what’s going on?

Moscow calling. All the circuits are busy.

Moscow calling. I’m going on, ain’t giving it up.

I’m phono phono phono phonomaniac. (6)

 

to tease                               _                  дразнить, надоедать

to give up                            -                 сдаваться, отказываться

to grip                                 —                  схватить, крепко держать

to get through                     —                  справиться с чем-либо

circuit                                  —                  кругооборот, (эл.) цепь

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