Топики

праздники России, Новый год

Holidays in Russia

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Holidays are very pleasant days because these are days when people don’t have to work, but have the opportunity to relax, meet friends, say many pleasant words and give presents to one another and everybody is in a cheerful and merry mood.

The major Russian holidays are: New Year’s Day, Christmas, Women’s Day, Easter, Victory Day, the Day of Sovereignty of Russia.

New Year’s Day

праздники России, Новый год

New Year's Day

My favourite holiday is New Year’s Day. I think it is the most cheerful holiday of all. Some days before New Year we decorate a New Year Tree and send New Year e-cards to our friends and relatives. There are a lot of fairy lights in the streets, trees and buildings and everything looks magic! Schoolchildren have the New Year parties at school. I always stay at home with my family on New Year’s Eve. We lay a festive table and at midnight with the last stroke of the clock everybody raises a glass of champagne to see the New Year in. The President of Russia makes a speech on TV. He wishes happiness, health and prosperity (all the best) to the nation. Then we give presents to all members of the family. Kids believe that presents are sent by Father Frost and Snow Maiden. On New Year’s Eve lots of young people go to the night clubs where they sing, dance and have fun until dawn. I can’t imagine the New Year’s celebration without “Olivie” salad and tangerines. It is also a custom to light fireworks, fly Chinese lanterns and sing songs around a beautifully decorated New Year Tree. Last year some of my friends from Moscow enjoyed watching New Year’s Eve fireworks from the river cruise ship Also, I’m very happy that after New Year’s Day I have long winter holidays.

Christmas and Easter

Recently new national holidays – Christmas and Easter have been introduced. They are both religious holidays. Now they are officially marked throughout our country. In Russia Christmas is celebrated on the 7th of January. Easter is the most important holiday for the Orthodox Christians. These holidays have become the days of family reunion and happiness.

You can read more about Christmas celebrations in Russia and Easter on my site.

Women's Day

On the 8th of March we celebrate Women’s Day. It’s a nice spring holiday when men give flowers and presents to their wives, daughters, girlfriends, sisters and mothers. Some men try to do all the domestic work about the house and in the kitchen on this day. Most families go out to have a nice meal at the restaurant.

Victory Day

But without any doubt, the most memorable date is Victory Day which is celebrated on the 9th of May to commemorate the victory of the Russian troops over the Nazi invaders in Great Patriotic War. On that day the veterans meet in the parks and squares of the cities to recollect the days of the war and exchange greetings. Wartime music is played everywhere. People lay flowers at the tombs of the soldiers who died in the war. Festive salute in the evening has become the culmination of the celebrations throughout the country.

Red Square in Moscow is usually the traditional place for a military parade on this day. The celebration starts at 10 a.m. As a rule, the column of veterans opens the parade.

During War our people fought heroically. The fascists were defeated near Moscow and Leningrad, near Tula and in Volgograd. The enemies suffered heavy losses at the walls of Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk. That’s why all these cities were named Hero Cities. I’m very proud that our regional centre, Belgorod, was named the town of the first salute.

In the centre of our village there is an Alley of Glory. Here you can see the monuments of Heroes of the Soviet Union who were born in Volokonovka district. Among them are Vetchinkin K. F., Bondarenko A. D., Kalinin N. N., Petrashov I. P., Lazarenko I. S., Novikov E. V.

Independence Day

The Day of Sovereignty of Russia (or Independence Day) is celebrated on the 12th of June. It is one of the youngest public holidays in Russia. It was established in 1992. Most major cities of the country organize large celebrations in parks and squares. Undoubtedly Moscow is the best place to celebrate this holiday. You can watch a huge performance of famous musicians in Red Square. The weather is quite warm at this time of year that's why there are crowds of people with kids strolling along the streets and taking part in sports activities, dancing and singing. In different cities, towns and villages lots of teenagers, wearing T-shirts of white, blue and red colours, form a tricolor, the National Flag of Russia.

Праздники России, День России в Белгорде

Russia day in Belgorod

At present this holiday is also used for giving state awards to prominent Russian personalities who made a significant contribution into the development of scientific and cultural life of the country.

A culminating holiday event is a colourful evening firework which is similar to Victory Day salute.

What is your favourite holiday?

How do you usually celebrate it?

Feel free to leave a comment under the article.

Thank you for reading me!

 

Mountainboarding

Extreme Sports: Snowboarding and Mountainboarding

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Why do people take part in extreme sports?

Are you a risky person? Have you ever tried taking up any of the adventure sports which are a huge craze today especially among young generation? What makes extreme sport athletes set their life on a chance?

For most people who participate in extreme sports it is an inexplicable indulgence that ordinary people cannot understand. There is something in these activities that attracts both men and women to take that plunge.

The thrill of risk-taking

Studies say that extreme sports evolved as a reaction to the increasingly safe life. As daily life lacks risks, a common man feels the need to experience the thrill in risk-taking.

Many of us take precautions whether at home or outdoors. Extreme sport athletes on the other hand are always putting their lives on the line every time they step outside. Even when they are idle, they are busy plotting their next big risky adventure. Have you ever felt the pump of adrenaline sitting in a roller coaster? This is what drives extreme sport athletes and makes them to be daredevils. They love the adrenaline rush that comes with the act of participating in an adventure sport.

Achievements and respect

Extreme sport athletes feed on the competition and the respect that comes with being able to overcome the hurdles of each event. They set the bar higher each time focusing on the goals that they strive to achieve.

Publicity

The worldwide spread of extreme sports is attributed to the media. Television and movies have been responsible for gaining a widespread participation in extreme sports. People take part in thrilling sports activities for publicity. They get an opportunity to appear on television by participating in extreme sports game shows.

Vocabulary

set one's life on a chance = adventure (venture) one’s life = put one’s life on the line  –  рисковать жизнью

inexplicable  indulgence  –  необъяснимая глупость (прихоть, поступок)

plunge  –  прыжок, погружение, решительный шаг

huge craze – повальное увлечение (мода, мания)

to take precautions  –  принимать меры предосторожности

madcap – сумасбродный

idle – незанятый, бездействующий, неиспользуемый, пустой

daredevil – смельчак, сорвиголова, бесшабашный человек

to strive – прилагать усилия, состязаться

roller coaster – американские горки

adrenaline rush – выброс адреналина

hurdle – препятствие

Kinds of extreme sports 

Extreme sports comprise sport activities which have an element of adventure. They are popular among those brave ones who crave for thrill and excitement.

«Extreme sport» is a name given by the media to the activities which involve danger. They often include speed, height, or physical exertion. These activities can be in the form of thrilling stunts.

Such extreme sports covering all kinds of madcap activities like snowboarding, rock climbing, surfing, racing, skydiving, paragliding, skateboarding, and others have become popular last twenty years.

Now let’s have a closer look at some of them.

Snowboarding

Snowboarding is the fastest-growing winter sport. It’s catching on all over the world and now is included in the Olympic Games. Snowboarding is also a way of life, with its own equipment, style, music and even language.

The ‘father’ of snowboarding is Jake Burton. He became hooked on the idea when he was a teenager and took 15 years to create a perfect snowboard. Now he owns the largest snowboard business in the world.

Snowboarding

Jake Burton, Snowboarding

Snowboarding is different from skiing. “The only thing skiing has in common with snowboarding is the snow”, says one snowboarding fan. Many people believe it’s easier for you to learn snowboarding when you didn’t ski before.

A snowboard looks like a big skateboard without wheels. While standing up with both feet on a board, a snowboarder slides down a slope, controlling the direction with the same small movements that a skateboarder uses. The most difficult thing is, of course, to keep balance.

Skiers, however, aren’t happy about the latest craze. They say that snowboards ruin the surface of the snow and that snowboarders frighten them as they fly down hills at amazing speeds. But snowboarders will give you a long list of reasons why snowboarding is better than skiing.

Snowboarding is especially popular with teenagers and college students. ‘Skiing is for old people’, says a student from Colorado. ‘Snowboarding is for the young. You can go crazy when you snowboard and that’s cool.’

The advantages of snowboarding

  • Simplicity to ‘ride’, the only equipment you need is a snowboard which you can carry on your shoulders. Because you don’t need poles, your hands are free – so you can wave to friends, take photos and throw snowballs.
  • Easy to learn: you don’t need to be as physically fit to snowboard as to ski. The first thing is to learn how to stand up, then to keep balance. Also, if you fall, you are less likely to hurt yourself and you don’t have to crawl back up the slope to pick up your equipment.
  • Comfort: snowboarding boots are soft, light and comfortable. Also, you can wear whatever you want – but the looser and brighter the clothes, the better.
  • Flexibility: unlike skiers, riders don’t care whether the condition of the snow and the slopes is good or not – they can snowboard on almost any snow-covered surface.

Do you speak snowboard?

Burton: a snowboard named after Jake Burton

freshie: fresh snow

going fat: flying high into the air

goofy-footed: people who stand on the board with their left foot first (most people have their right foot first)

a hit: a jump

pow pow: powder snow

to ride: to snowboard

sick: scary or excellent (or both)

Vocabulary

to catch on – войти в моду, завоевывать популярность

to become hooked on – увлечься чем-то

to have in common – иметь схожие черты, сходство

to keep balance [´bæləns]  – сохранять равновесие

to crawl  [krɔ:l] – ползти

to wave – махать рукой

loose clothes – свободная одежда

are less likely to hurt yourself —  у вас меньше вероятности ушибиться

wheel – колесо

slope – склон

pole – лыжная палка

flexibility – гибкость, свобода

All Terrain Boarding (ATB) or Mountainboarding

Mountainboarding is a fairly new extreme sport gaining massive popularity in Cornwall, the UK. 

All terrain or mountain boarding is all about getting down a hill having fun. Riding something similar to a long skateboard with four wheels with pneumatic tyres, you strap in and roll down everything from a gentle grass slopes to urban streets. The riding sensation is somewhere between snowboard, surf and skate, with the benefit of being able to ride on any surface.

Although a lot of riding takes place in woods and fields, a large number of mountain board centres have opened across the UK and the rest of the world in recent years.

Many of these centres hold fun days and regional competitions where you will see riders performing tricks borrowed from snowboarding, and some new ones specific to ATB.

ATB is very easy to do and if you would like to try boarding you can visit one of these centers which are suitable for beginners. All terrain boarding is also perfect for kids. All centres have a wide range of boards, including kids’ models and all have nursery slopes to get you started.

Tom Kirkman from Calstock in Cornwall is pretty good at most things he tries.

Mountainboarding

Tom Kirkman, ATB

Tom says: “I’m addicted to boarding. The relaxed nature of the sport and competitions, the room for innovation and the ability to ride any terrain means I can have the freedom to try anything I want when riding. Whether ripping up a skate park or hitting woodland trails, it’s all about friends, breaking new ground and having a laugh.”
Whilst having a laugh, Tom has become one of the most influential riders in the world. Often introducing new tricks he has pushed the sport's freestylers to new heights. He has also been the fastest rider on almost every boarder cross event he attended in the last couple of years.

fairly new – довольно новый

to be addicted to – быть зависимым

surface [´sɜ:fis]поверхность

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Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk

 

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