праздники России, Новый год

Holidays in Russia

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Holidays are very pleasant days because these are days when people don’t have to work, but have the opportunity to relax, meet friends, say many pleasant words and give presents to one another and everybody is in a cheerful and merry mood.

The major Russian holidays are: New Year’s Day, Christmas, Women’s Day, Easter, Victory Day, the Day of Sovereignty of Russia.

New Year’s Day

праздники России, Новый год

New Year's Day

My favourite holiday is New Year’s Day. I think it is the most cheerful holiday of all. Some days before New Year we decorate a New Year Tree and send New Year e-cards to our friends and relatives. There are a lot of fairy lights in the streets, trees and buildings and everything looks magic! Schoolchildren have the New Year parties at school. I always stay at home with my family on New Year’s Eve. We lay a festive table and at midnight with the last stroke of the clock everybody raises a glass of champagne to see the New Year in. The President of Russia makes a speech on TV. He wishes happiness, health and prosperity (all the best) to the nation. Then we give presents to all members of the family. Kids believe that presents are sent by Father Frost and Snow Maiden. On New Year’s Eve lots of young people go to the night clubs where they sing, dance and have fun until dawn. I can’t imagine the New Year’s celebration without “Olivie” salad and tangerines. It is also a custom to light fireworks, fly Chinese lanterns and sing songs around a beautifully decorated New Year Tree. Last year some of my friends from Moscow enjoyed watching New Year’s Eve fireworks from the river cruise ship Also, I’m very happy that after New Year’s Day I have long winter holidays.

Christmas and Easter

Recently new national holidays – Christmas and Easter have been introduced. They are both religious holidays. Now they are officially marked throughout our country. In Russia Christmas is celebrated on the 7th of January. Easter is the most important holiday for the Orthodox Christians. These holidays have become the days of family reunion and happiness.

You can read more about Christmas celebrations in Russia and Easter on my site.

Women's Day

On the 8th of March we celebrate Women’s Day. It’s a nice spring holiday when men give flowers and presents to their wives, daughters, girlfriends, sisters and mothers. Some men try to do all the domestic work about the house and in the kitchen on this day. Most families go out to have a nice meal at the restaurant.

Victory Day

But without any doubt, the most memorable date is Victory Day which is celebrated on the 9th of May to commemorate the victory of the Russian troops over the Nazi invaders in Great Patriotic War. On that day the veterans meet in the parks and squares of the cities to recollect the days of the war and exchange greetings. Wartime music is played everywhere. People lay flowers at the tombs of the soldiers who died in the war. Festive salute in the evening has become the culmination of the celebrations throughout the country.

Red Square in Moscow is usually the traditional place for a military parade on this day. The celebration starts at 10 a.m. As a rule, the column of veterans opens the parade.

During War our people fought heroically. The fascists were defeated near Moscow and Leningrad, near Tula and in Volgograd. The enemies suffered heavy losses at the walls of Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk. That’s why all these cities were named Hero Cities. I’m very proud that our regional centre, Belgorod, was named the town of the first salute.

In the centre of our village there is an Alley of Glory. Here you can see the monuments of Heroes of the Soviet Union who were born in Volokonovka district. Among them are Vetchinkin K. F., Bondarenko A. D., Kalinin N. N., Petrashov I. P., Lazarenko I. S., Novikov E. V.

Independence Day

The Day of Sovereignty of Russia (or Independence Day) is celebrated on the 12th of June. It is one of the youngest public holidays in Russia. It was established in 1992. Most major cities of the country organize large celebrations in parks and squares. Undoubtedly Moscow is the best place to celebrate this holiday. You can watch a huge performance of famous musicians in Red Square. The weather is quite warm at this time of year that's why there are crowds of people with kids strolling along the streets and taking part in sports activities, dancing and singing. In different cities, towns and villages lots of teenagers, wearing T-shirts of white, blue and red colours, form a tricolor, the National Flag of Russia.

Праздники России, День России в Белгорде

Russia day in Belgorod

At present this holiday is also used for giving state awards to prominent Russian personalities who made a significant contribution into the development of scientific and cultural life of the country.

A culminating holiday event is a colourful evening firework which is similar to Victory Day salute.

What is your favourite holiday?

How do you usually celebrate it?

Feel free to leave a comment under the article.

Thank you for reading me!

 

New Year's Day in Belgorod

ОГЭ 2017 Устная часть Образцы выполнения заданий Вариант 1

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Здравствуйте, дорогие друзья.

На этой странице Вы можете ознакомиться с примерными образцами выполнения заданий Устной части ОГЭ 2017. В процессе подготовки к экзамену мы с учениками активно пользуемся заданиями из открытого банка ФИПИ. Все ответы записываем на диктофон, прослушиваем и работаем над ошибками (если они появляются). Обычно при выполнении Задания 2 и Задания 3 ребята составляют ответы, используя личный жизненный опыт. Поэтому ваша точка зрения может существенно отличаться от приведенных образцов. С уверенностью могу сказать, что описывать события, участником которых вы были сами, значительно легче, чем заучивать готовые тексты. Наверняка вам есть что сказать. Желаю всем плодотворной работы!

Все подробности о формате заданий устной части ОГЭ, о критериях оценивания и рекомендации для их выполнения читайте здесь.

Task 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

One day a young man who lived near the lake in a small American town asked himself, “Why can’t people ski on water if they can ski on snow?” With his brother’s help he constructed several models of skis to test his ideas. He experimented on the local lake for a few days and created skis suitable for the water. This happened in 1922. The young man, who was only 18 at that time, didn’t patent his invention. However, he performed a lot of shows across the country that made him and the sport of water skiing popular. Later, he was recognized as the creator of a new sport – water skiing.

Water skiing equipment has been greatly improved since that time, and the number of people who enjoy this sport is growing in many countries.

Listen to the model answer

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation!

to ski /skiː/ - кататься на лыжах

to construct /kənˈstrʌkt/ — конструировать

to experiment /ɪkˈsperɪment/ - экспериментировать, пробовать

to patent /ˈpeɪtənt/ — запатентовать

to recognize /ˈrekəɡnaɪz/ — осознавать, признавать

equipment /ɪˈkwɪpmənt/ - оборудование, оснащение

1922 — nineteen twenty-two

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Все материалы сайта находятся в свободном доступе для пользователей сети. Более того, использование материалов сайта приветствуется.

WARNING!

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Task 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Listen to the audiofile and record your own answers.

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Tape script for Task 2

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the magazine “School Life”. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We want to find out what you think about your school. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous – you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What grade are you in?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: How many classes a day do you usually have?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: What sports facilities are there in your school?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What is your school uniform like?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: What school events do you have during the school year?

Student: _________________________ 

Electronic assistant: What would you like to improve in your school?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

Model answer

Electronic assistant: What grade are you in?

Student: Well, I am a pupil (student) of the ninth grade (form). (I am in the ninth grade. I study in the ninth form.) 

Electronic assistant: How many classes a day do you usually have?

Student: You know, as I study 5 days a week, I have got a very busy schedule /ˈʃedjuːl/ (timetable). I usually have 7 lessons on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday. And 6 lessons on the other days. (on Friday and Wednesday) 

Electronic assistant: What sports facilities are there in your school?

Student: Obviously, we have got a big gym on the ground floor and a shooting gallery in the basement. Also, there are some sports grounds behind the school. As a rule, when the weather is warm and sunny, we have our PT (PE) classes there.

Electronic assistant: What is your school uniform like?

Student: To tell the truth, it is a sore point (больной вопрос) for me because I don’t really like my school uniform. The girls of our school usually wear brown or navy blue dresses with white collars and black aprons. And we all lookrather dull. You know, like nuns in the convent/ˈkɒnvənt/. Girls are not allowed to wear trousers. As for the boys, they wear dark trousers and jackets and white shirts.

Electronic assistant: What school events do you have during the school year?

Student: Let me think. First of all, two important events are school assemblies at the beginning and at the end of the school year when we greet the first-form students and say “Good bye” to our school leavers. Secondly, our school takes part in different regional sports and music contests during the year. (And as a rule, our teams often get prizes and awards.) Besides, various themed parties and subject Olympiads are held in our school.

 

Electronic assistant: What would you like to improve in your school?

Student: In my opinion, we should change our school uniform. I would like to wear a more fashionable one. It must be practical, convenient and made of natural fabrics at the same time. (Why not to add some bright colours to make our school life happier?) Also, teachers should cut down the amount of homework they give us every day (give us less homework). Last but not least, I would like to have a wide choice of fruit, healthy snascks and hot lunches in our school canteen.

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

Task 3

You are going to give a talk about public holidays in Russia. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

New Year's Day in Belgorod

Remember to say:

  • what public holidays are celebrated in Russia;
  • what your favourite public holiday is, and why you like it;
  • how your favourite public holiday is celebrated in your city, town or village.

You have to talk continuously.

Model answer

Now I am going to talk about public holidays in Russia. (вступительная фраза)

Well, I guess you know that in Russia we have got lots of public holidays. For instance, New Year’s Day, Women’s Day, Victory Day, Independence Day and others. (2)

—  As for me, I like New Year’s Day best of all because it is time when everything looks magic like in a fairy tale. I enjoy hunting for (= looking for) the presents for my friends and relatives (for my nearest and dearest). And, of course, I like to get presents, too. My mum and dad always surprise me with unusual gifts on New Year’s Day.  Besides, I can eat plenty of sweet tangerines which are my favourite fruit. They are the symbol of New Year’s celebration in Russia. What is more, I like the warm atmosphere when our family gets together to see New Year in. (7)

—  After midnight children and adults of our town gather in the town’s square. They hold hands in a large circle around a beautifully decorated New Year’s Tree. They sing songs and wish each other happiness and health in the coming year. Lots of people drink champagne, pull crackers, light (shoot) fireworks and fly Chinese lanterns making a wish. (4)

All in all, I think holidays are an essential part of our life and we can’t do without them. (заключительная фраза)

О праздниках в России Вы можете прочитать здесь

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