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Продолжаем нашу подготовку к Устной части ОГЭ. Сегодня рассмотрим образцы выполнения заданий, которые представлены  в одном из вариантов открытого банка заданий ФИПИ. Особую сложность в этом варианте представляет Задание 2 (условный диалог-расспрос), тема которого связана с проблемами экологии. Скажите, ну кто из вас часто обсуждает эту тему со своими друзьями? Ищет решения проблем загрязнения окружающей среды (читай «поселка или города, в котором живешь»)? Проблем как всегда много, особенно в крупных промышленных городах. Поскольку мы живем в небольшом районном центре, то и проблемы с учениками обсуждали местного характера. Буду  рада, если наш опыт поможет вам в подготовке к экзамену.

Task 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The carrot is a root vegetable which consists mostly of water and sugar. The carrots that we eat today originated from the wild ones which grew in Europe and Asia. The vegetable tasted sweet and the people began to use it as food.

There are two main types of carrots. There are eastern carrots that have dark purple roots and western carrots with orange roots. In fact, orange carrots first appeared in Europe in 1721. Dutch farmers selected orange carrots because orange is the colour of the Dutch Royal Family. Now orange carrots are widely grown all over the world. In modern households carrots are cooked and eaten in different ways. The vegetable is boiled, fried, baked and eaten raw. People also make juice from it.

Listen to the model answer

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation!

to grow /ɡrəʊ/ (grew /ɡruː/, grown /ɡrəʊn/ ) – расти

[ɑ:] – dark, farmer

[ɜ:] – purple, first, world

originated, selected, tasted – [id]

appeared , boiled, fried – [d]

cooked, baked – [t]

sugar /ˈʃʊɡə/ – сахар

wild  /waɪld/ – дикий

raw /rɔː/ – сырой

Asia /ˈeɪʒə/ – Азия

Europe /ˈjʊərəp/ – Европа

1721 – seventeen twenty-one

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Все материалы сайта находятся в свободном доступе для пользователей сети. Более того, использование материалов сайта приветствуется.

WARNING!

При копировании и размещении полной или частичной информации на сторонних ресурсах, в проектных работах и презентациях активная ссылка на сайт SMASHTRASH.RU обязательна.  

Task 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question. 

Listen to the audiofile and record your own answers.

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Tape script for Task 2
Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the magazine “Green Future”. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out if teenagers are worried about ecological problems. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous – you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: Where would you like to live: in a big city or in the country?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What are the advantages of living in the country?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: What is the main ecological problem in the place where you live?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Do you and your friends care about ecological problems? Why?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: Have you ever taken part in any ecological projects at school?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend to a person who wants to improve ecological situation in his or her hometown?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

Model answer

Electronic assistant: Where would you like to live: in a big city or in the country?

Student: You know I was born in a small town (village). But I dream to live in a big city because big cities give an exciting opportunity for studying, for relaxing, for shopping.  For example, I am going to be a doctor (an IT specialist, a lawyer) and want to study at the university. Also, I think you can get a better job here. Moreover, cultural life is very rich in big cities. 

Electronic assistant: What are the advantages of living in the country?

Student: I believe that life in the countryside is less stressful. You don’t have to spend hours stuck in the traffic jams. The air is much cleaner there. Moreover, if you are fond of healthy food you can grow fruit and vegetables in your own garden.

Electronic assistant: What is the main ecological problem in the place where you live?

Student: In fact, a very dramatic problem in our town is that people throw rubbish everywhere: in the streets, in the forests, along the river banks. It seems to me that if the situation doesn’t improve, we will live in the landfill (garbage bump) in the nearest future. 

Electronic assistant: Do you and your friends care about ecological problems? Why?

Student: Of course, we do. Actually, my friends and I are concerned about ecological problems because we want to breathe clean air, to swim in clean rivers and lakes and enjoy watching beautiful landscapes and stunning views of wild nature. We want to keep our place suitable for living for the future generations.

Electronic assistant: Have you ever taken part in any ecological projects at school?

Student: Yes, last autumn we interviewed 1000 people of our town in order to learn if they use “the rule of 3R’s” in their everyday life. “3R’s” means reduce, reuse and recycle. Unfortunately very few people try to follow them. So, we wrote an article in the local newspaper to give some ideas on this issue.

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend to a person who wants to improve ecological situation in his or her hometown?

Student: Let me think. Well, I will recommend a person to follow some very simple rules. First of all, always put litter into the dustbin. Secondly, never cut down trees and wild flowers in the forests and parks. Thirdly, stop buying food and drinks in packagings which can’t be recycled.

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

Vocabulary

traffic jam – транспортная пробка

rubbish = litter = garbage – мусор

dustbin – мусорный ящик

landfill = garbage bump – мусорная свалка

to reduce  /rɪˈdjuːs/ – сокращать, уменьшать

to reuse /ˌriːˈjuːz/  – повторно использовать

to recycle /ˌriːˈsaɪkl/ – перерабатывать, повторно использовать

issue /ˈɪʃuː/ – вопрос

Task 3

You are going to give a talk about holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Speaking Part Task 3

Remember to say:

  • what holidays are most popular in your country;
  • what your favourite holiday is and how you celebrate it;
  • if you prefer to give presents or to get presents, and why.

You have to talk continuously.

Model answer 

Now I am going to talk about holidays in Russia. (вступительная фраза)

— In Russia like in many other countries we have got lots of holidays. The most popular among them are New Year’s Day, Christmas, Easter, Women’s Day, May Day and Victory Day. (2)

I think that each holiday is wonderful in its own way. As for me, I like New Year’s Day most of all because it is time when everything looks magic. I should say that we never stay in town for New Year’s celebrations. We always enjoy spending time in our country house. We usually invite our friends to see the New Year in. Our family has got a fantastic tradition to decorate a fir-tree which grows in our yard. At midnight we wish each other happiness in the coming year, dance around a beautifully decorated New Year Tree, pull crackers and shoot fireworks. Then we light a fireplace in the living room and my dad sings to the guitar for us. (8)

It goes without saying that we give presents to each other. I like giving presents more than receiving them because I enjoy making my dearest and nearest feel happy. (As for me, I prefer receiving presents because I like when my parents and friends try to make a surprise for me.) (2)

To sum it up, I should say that I like holidays because they are days when we can relax, meet our friends and have fun together. (заключительная фраза)

Ознакомьтесь с образцами выполнения Заданий 1, 2, 3 Вариант 1 здесь.

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