Записи с меткой чтение

ОГЭ 2017 Раздел 2 Чтение Демоверсия ФИПИ

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Всем доброго дня!

Продолжаем готовиться к сдаче ОГЭ.

Сегодня будем выполнять задания по чтению (Раздел2) из Демонстрационного варианта  ОГЭ 2017, представленного на сайте ФИПИ.

Как всегда, сначала знакомимся с форматом заданий и полезными советами, которые помогут успешно выполнить данные задания.

Формат задания

Задание 9 – тест на установление соответствий между заголовками и текстом

Максимальный балл – 7 баллов

Задания 10 – 17 – тест на установление соответствия приведенных утверждений прочитанному тексту (True/False/Not stated)

Максимальный балл – 8 баллов

Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий по чтению – 30 минут

Максимальный балл за правильное выполнение всех заданий Раздела 2 (Чтение) – 15 баллов

Основные стратегии чтения, которые помогут вам правильно распределить время на выполнение заданий во время экзамена.

— при чтении текстов постарайтесь уловить главную мысль текста

— выделите (подчеркните) ключевые слова

— не впадайте в панику, если встречаются незнакомые слова; научитесь игнорировать новую для вас лексику, сосредоточившись на основном содержании представленного текста

— при прочтении обращайте внимание на организацию текста: первые и последние предложения абзаца, потому что чаще всего именно по ним вы сможете подобрать соответствующий тексту заголовок

— прочитав абзац, попытайтесь сформулировать его основное содержание одним предложением или словосочетанием

Задание 9 Полезные советы

В заданиях этого типа нужно соединить с текстом заголовки (или вопросы / или утверждения к тексту).

Количество текстов – 7

Количество заголовков – 8

  • Начните выполнение этого задания с чтения заголовков и попробуйте догадаться, о чем может идти речь в тексте.
  • Когда вы убедитесь, что полностью поняли заголовки, переходите к чтению текстов. Во время первого прочтения не нужно сразу подбирать заголовки к текстам, поскольку информация в текстах может незначительно отличаться и есть большая вероятность допустить ошибку.
  • Во время второго прочтения начните соотносить отрывки текста с заголовками (или утверждениями, или вопросами).
  • Если заголовки близки по смыслу, нужно подобрать наиболее подходящий, т.е. наиболее точно отражающий содержание прочитанного отрывка.
  • После того, как вы закончили выполнять задание, убедитесь, что заголовок, который вы не использовали, не подходит ни к одному из текстов.

Задания 10 – 17 Полезные советы

В этом задании вам нужно определить, согласуется ли данное предложение с информацией, которую вы прочитали в тексте.

1) Сначала полностью прочитайте текст и постарайтесь, как можно точнее понять его содержание. Определите, соответствует ли последовательность излагаемых событий в тексте приведенным утверждениям.

2) Затем найдите в тексте то место, которое соответствует каждому высказыванию. Обратите внимание, что это будет не полное совпадение, а передача информации другими словами. Для этого очень полезно знать синонимичный ряд слов. Например, to like doing smth = to enjoy doing smth = to be interested in smth = to be keen on smth = to be fond of smth

3) Очень важно научиться отличать отсутствие информации в тексте (Not stated) от ее несоответствия (False).

4) Итак:

— вы выбираете ответ True, если в тексте встречается данная информация, но при этом использована другая лексика

— вы выбираете False, если об этом говорится в тексте, но утверждение имеет противопоЛОЖНЫЙ содержанию текста смысл

— вы выбираете Not Stated, если в тексте об этом четко не говорится, хотя утверждение не противоречит общему содержанию текста

5) Нужно научиться чувствовать разницу между фактами, которые вы прочитали в тексте, и вашими собственными выводами (умозаключениями), которые вы сделали на основе содержания экзаменационного текста.

В заключение хочу сказать, что, несмотря на совет «игнорировать незнакомую лексику», я все-таки считаю, что во время подготовки к экзамену изучать новые слова необходимо, особенно, если слово встречается часто и является ключевым для понимания содержания текста. Хороший лексический запас поможет вам в успешном выполнении не только заданий по чтению. Также вы сможете отлично написать письмо (читайте статью здесь) и с легкостью справитесь с заданиями по аудированию.

Демонстрационный вариант ОГЭ 2017 ФИПИ

Раздел 2 (Задания по чтению)

Task 9

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

  1. The scientific explanation
  2. The real shape
  3. A lucky sign
  4. Some tips
  5. Places without rainbows
  6. A personal vision
  7. A bridge between worlds
  8. Impossible to catch

A. Two people never see the same rainbow. Each person sees a different one. It happens because the raindrops are constantly moving so the rainbow is always changing too. Each time you see a rainbow it is unique and it will never be the same! In addition, everyone sees colours differently according to the light and how their eyes interpret it.

B. A rainbow is an optical phenomenon that is seen in the atmosphere. It appears in the sky when the sun’s light is reflected by the raindrops. A rainbow always appears during or immediately after showers when the sun is shining and the air contains raindrops. As a result, a spectrum of colours is seen in the sky. It takes the shape of a multicoloured arc. 

C. Many cultures see the rainbow as a road, a connection between earth and heaven (the place where God lives). Legends say that it goes below the earth at the horizon and then comes back up again. In this way it makes a permanent link between what is above and below, between life and death. In some myths the rainbow is compared to a staircase connecting earth to heaven.

D. We all believe that the rainbow is arch-shaped. The funny thing is that it's actually a circle. The reason we don’t see the other half of the rainbow is because we cannot see below the horizon. However, the higher we are above the ground, the more of the rainbow’s circle we can see. That is why, from an airplane in flight, a rainbow will appear as a complete circle with the shadow of the airplane in the centre.

E. In many cultures there is a belief that seeing a rainbow is good. Legends say that if you dig at the end of a rainbow, you'll find a pot of gold. Rainbows are also seen after a storm, showing that the weather is getting better, and there is hope after the storm. This is why they are associated with rescue and good fortune. If people happen to get married on such a day, it is said that they will enjoy a very happy life together.

F. You can never reach the end of a rainbow. A rainbow is all light and water. It is always in front of you while your back is to the sun. As you move, the rainbow that your eye sees moves as well and it will always ‘move away’ at the same speed that you are moving. No matter how hard you try, a rainbow will always be as far away from you as it was before you started to move towards it.

G. To see a rainbow you have to remember some points. First, you should be standing with the sun behind you. Secondly, the rain should be in front of you. The most impressive rainbows appear when half of the sky is still dark with clouds and the other half is clear. The best time to see a rainbow is on a warm day in the early morning after sunrise or late afternoon before sunset. Rainbows are often seen near waterfalls and fountains.

 

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст       A       B      C       D       E       F       G
Заголовок

 

Vocabulary

rainbow – радуга

arch-shaped  /ɑːtʃ/  – в форме дуги

arc  /ɑːk/ – дуга

horizon  /həˈraɪzən/ – горизонт

cloud – облако

sunrise – восход

sunset – закат

waterfall – водопад

fountain – фонтан

phenomenon  /fɪˈnɒmɪnən/ – явление  phenomena ( pl.)явления

© 2017 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации 

Английский язык. 9 класс Используется с бланками ответов

Tasks 10 – 17

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

The Best Job in the World

Have you ever heard of the Great Barrier Reef? It is the world's largest coral reef system along the eastern coast of Australia. In February 2009 an extraordinary position was advertised by the Australian Tourism Office. The advertisement ran that the Great Barrier Reef needed a caretaker for half a year. It was for a special person who would look after the Reef.

The job offered a large salary, free accommodation in a luxury villa, and transportation there and around the islands. All expenses would be paid: the winner wouldn't need to spend any extra money on anything.

The job's duties were pretty simple. You could only dream of such requirements. First, the person had to speak English and swim well. Second, on the island his responsibility included writing a weekly Internet blog. That's right, weekly, not even daily! The job description also required the successful applicant to explore the islands of the Great Barrier Reef, swim, make friends with the locals and generally enjoy the tropical climate and lifestyle. A real dream!

Within the first 2 days of the contest, the tourism office received more than seven thousand online applications. All told, 34,000 people of all different nationalities applied. Each made and presented a 60-second video résumé. They had to be creative and they were. In the end 16 people were chosen, who flew to Australia for the final selection. The candidates were interviewed and the winner was Ben Southall from the UK.

Ben greatly enjoyed the dream job he had got. He realised that people knew very little about planet earth and its treasures. Living in big cities, they forgot how important the flora and fauna of this world were. Every time Ben went outdoors, he could discover something new. «Every time I dived or went underwater, I forgot about all the troubles above water and concentrated on living in the moment. It was a good way to clean the mind and build respect for the natural world,» Ben said.

Ben's life on the island was not just fun. It was very busy, busier than most people imagined, and certainly busier than Ben himself had imagined. He worked seven days a week and up to 19 hours a day. The Best Job included travelling to over 60 islands of the Reef almost every day. It was not just looking after the Reef, Ben had a lot of meetings, press conferences and interviews. He was getting a lot of attention all the time and he couldn't get away from it. That was probably the hardest part of the job.

Moreover, any adventure has a certain degree of risk. Swimming and diving on the Great Barrier Reef was not different. Ben had to deal with whales, sharks and other huge sea creatures. Surprisingly, the most dangerous thing was a small jellyfish about the size of a little finger. It's considered to be extremely poisonous and Ben was stung by it. He had to spend a couple of days in hospital but luckily recovered after a course of antibiotics.

Ben often says that the project has taught him a few valuable lessons. Working with the Internet is one of those jobs you can do 24 hours a day. Ben realised it was hard to separate life and work, but this he had to do. He also said: «I've learned that we get one life on earth so we have to use it. There'll always be other countries to visit, other people to meet and other adventures to meet. This is what I wish to do. I'm planning to go to Asia in a few years time».

10. The Australian Tourism Office employs a new caretaker twice a year.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:

11. There was no Internet on the islands of the Great Barrier Reef.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

12. People from different countries applied for the job.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

13. Ben Southall was a good swimmer.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

14. While working as a caretaker Ben Southall had lots of free time.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

15. To do his job Ben Southall had to communicate with journalists.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

16. Ben Southhall was taken to hospital after a shark attack.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

17. Ben Southall is going to make a film about his work on the islands.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

Vocabulary

caretaker –  а person who will look after the Reef – смотритель, сторож, сиделка

to advertise – рекламировать

advertisement – реклама

salary /ˈsæləri/ – заработная плата

to require  /rɪˈkwaɪə/  – требовать

requirement – требование

to apply  /əˈplaɪ/ – подавать заявление

application – заявление

applicant  /ˈæplɪkənt/ – претендент

résumé /ˈrezəmeɪ/  – резюме (краткая автобиография)

flora and fauna /ˌflɔːrə ən ˈfɔːnə/ – флора и фауна (растительный и животный мир)

to build respect – формировать уважение

whale – кит

shark – акула

jellyfish – медуза

poison – яд

poisonous – ядовитый

to sting /stɪŋ/ (stung, stung) – жалить

That shampoo really made my eyes sting.

 

По окончании выполнения заданий 9–17 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответа в задании 9 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

 

Английский язык. 9 класс Используется с бланками ответов

© 2017 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации

 

Ответ к Заданию 9: 6172384

Ответы к Заданиям 10 – 17

10      3

11      2

12      1

13      1

14      2

15      1

16      2

17      3

 

ЕГЭ 2015 Демонстрационный вариант ФИПИ Чтение

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На этой странице Вы можете выполнить задания по чтению из Демонстрационного варианта ЕГЭ 2015, подготовленного Федеральным государственным бюджетным научным учреждением «Федеральный Институт Педагогических Измерений».

 

© Демонстрационный вариант ЕГЭ 2015 г. АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК, 11 класс. 

Раздел 2 Чтение

Задание 10

 

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

  1. When we don’t sleep
  2. Not only for humans
  3. How dreaming helps
  4. When we dream
  5. Why dreams can be scary
  6. What we feel dreaming
  7. How we forget dreams
  8. How we remember dreams

 

A.

Even though our dreams may feel like they last for hours and hours, we hardly spend more than two hours dreaming each night, which means a person spends a total of nearly six years dreaming throughout a lifetime. In general there are four phases of the sleep cycle and all dreaming occurs practically at the final phase. Each of these sleep cycles lasts approximately 60 to 90 minutes and may repeat several times throughout the night.

B.

Anxiety is the most popular emotion experienced in dreams. Many people dream of falling, which is often connected to something in our lives that is going in the wrong direction. In addition, dreams of being chased are very common and are linked to avoidance. Also people report dreams about their teeth falling out, which is related to the words and communication we might have in real life.

C.

Dreaming helps people make sense of the information and events that occur in their lives. Dreams play an important role in processing and remembering information that we absorb daily. Also, they help reduce stress and even solve problems. It’s very possible to work through real-life problems while dreaming at night. In addition, dreams provide a lot of important content and meaning that can be used to inspire and direct our lives during the day.

D.

Nearly 5 to 10% of adults have nightmares. There are several reasons for it, for example when people start taking certain medications or when they withdraw from drugs. Some physical conditions, such as stress or illness, can also be a trigger. However, in some cases adults may have frequent nightmares that are unrelated to their everyday lives, which may signify that they are more creative, sensitive, and emotional than the average person.

E.

There is no person who does not have dreams, but not everybody recalls them. The most vivid dreams happen during the Rapid Eye Movement sleep stage when the brain is extremely active and the eyes move back and forth quickly underneath the eyelids. Although dream recall varies from person to person, some people have little or no recollection of the content, and around 90% of dreams are gone following the first 10 minutes of waking up.

F.

Scientists have found that animals also dream and their subconscious thoughts are connected to real experiences. Animals’ dreams are complex, containing long sequences of events. Animals’ brains share the same series of sleeping states as the brain of human beings. Analyzing animals’ dreams and the content of their dreams may help scientists treat memory disorders and develop new ways for people to learn and retain information more effectively.

G.

Only five minutes after the end of a dream and half of the content is likely to vanish from our memories. It’s not that dreams aren’t important enough to keep in mind, but other things tend to get in the way. Dream researcher L. Strumpell believes that dreams disappear from our memories for a number of factors. For example, we may not recall dream images that lack intensity, association or repetition, which are usually needed for dream recall.

 

Ответ:

       A        B         C        D         E        F        G

 

© Демонстрационный вариант ЕГЭ 2015 г. АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК, 11 класс.

Задание 11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

Promoting language learning

The European Union (EU) is committed to supporting the rights of its citizens to personal and professional mobility, and their ability to communicate with each other. It does so by A_____________________ to promote the teaching and learning of European languages. These programmes have at least one thing in common: they cover cross-border projects involving partners from two, and often three or more, EU countries. The EU programmes are designed to complement the national education policies of member countries. Each government is responsible for its own national education policy, B_____________________. What the EU programmes do is to create links between countries and regions via joint projects,

C_____________________. Since 2007 the main programmes have been put under the overall umbrella of the EU’s lifelong learning programme. All languages are eligible for support

under this programme: official languages, regional, minority and migrant languages, D_____________________. There are national information centres in each country, E_____________________. The cultural programmes of the EU also promote linguistic and cultural diversity in a number of ways. The “Media” programme funds the dubbing and

subtitling of European films for F _____________________. The “Culture” programme builds cross-cultural bridges by supporting the translation of modern authors into other EU languages.

 

  1. and the languages of the EU’s major trading partners
  2. which includes language teaching and learning
  3. cinemas and television in other EU countries
  4. which enhance the impact of language teaching and learning
  5. funding a number of educational programmes
  6. and encouraging people to learn new languages
  7. where details about the application procedures are given

 

Ответ:

          A           B           C           D           E           F
           

 

© Демонстрационный вариант ЕГЭ 2015 г. АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК, 11 класс.

Задания 12 – 18  

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

 

Space could solve water problems

Have you ever tasted saltwater? I guess you have and if so, you will agree with me that it’s not very refreshing. In fact, drinking more than a few cups worth can kill you.

According to the United States Geological Survey, whose mission is to collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed to understand the nation’s water resources, about ninety-seven percent of the water on our planet is saltwater; the rest is stored in lakes, rivers, glaciers and aquifers underground. Moreover, only about one-third of the world’s potential fresh water can be used for human needs. As pollution increases, the amount of usable water decreases.

Water is the most precious and taken-for-granted resource we have on Earth. It is also one of the most threatened resources. Increased population and possible climate change will put more and more strain on supplies of this vital resource as time goes on. What could we do in this situation? Though it may seem like science fiction, the solution could lie in outer space.

I’m not saying we’re going to be teleporting to a spring on the other side of the galaxy or colonizing another planet just to have longer showers – it’s much more mundane than that. What we could achieve realistically in this century is the successful use of the solar system’s rare metals and water, barring the invention of the matrix.

You may be surprised to learn that the metal in your keys, coins, cell phone, computer, car and everywhere else, originally came to this planet from space. When Earth formed, the heavy metals sank to the center and formed a solid core. The lighter elements formed the mantle and the crust we live on. Asteroids and comets that struck the Earth brought water and metals to the surface.

There are thousands of asteroids orbiting near Earth. Most asteroids are made of rock, but some are composed of metal, mostly nickel and iron. Probes could be sent out to these to identify useful ones. Then larger probes could push them towards the Earth where they can be handled in orbit.

In order to fuel ships and probes, we simply need to find a source of water, such as a comet or the surface of the moon. We collect the water and pass an electric current through it from a solar panel. The water separates into oxygen and hydrogen, which in liquid form is a powerful rocket fuel.

Is this really possible? We may soon find out. Private company SpaceX has already started delivering equipment to the International Space Station (ISS). The ISS is proof that countries once at each other’s throats, like America and Russia, can work together and pull off multi-billion dollar projects.

Recently, a company called Planetary Resources Inc. made the news for getting big names like Google and Microsoft to invest in exploring asteroids for material gain. Although it will take many decades, it is wise to put the gears in motion now.

We’ve already landed probes on the surface of asteroids and taken samples from them. We can put something as large as the ISS, which weighs just short of 500 tons, according to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in orbit.

We can make a half-million-mile round-trip to get rocks from the moon. We can do all of these things already. They just need to be applied and developed in a smart way.

12. What problem is raised in the article?

1) Cooperation in space.

2) Threats of climate change.

3) Danger of drinking salt water.

4) Lack of water supplies on Earth.

Ответ:

13. According to the author, the information published in the US Geological Survey is

meant to …

1) assure the nation that there is still enough of usable water.

2) help to monitor the state of the country’s water resources.

3) demonstrate the quality of water the nation uses.

4) warn the public about the dangers of water pollution.

Ответ:

14. The author thinks that outer space …

1) is dangerous because of asteroids.

2) is a source of important supplies.

3) is not studied properly.

4) should be colonized.

Ответ:

15. According to the author, the space water sources may be used for …

1) fuel production.

2) water supplies for spaceships.

3) moon exploration.

4) the production of electricity.

Ответ:

16. The Google and Microsoft (paragraph 9) are mentioned to …

1) explain how Planetary Resources Inc. became famous.

2) prove that asteroids can be commercially attractive.

3) show that space research is important for computer science.

4) prove that asteroids can interfere with the Internet.

Ответ:

17. The expression “put the gears in motion” in “…it is wise to put the gears in

motion now” (paragraph 9) means …

1) to explore.

2) to begin.

3) to move.

4) to invest.

Ответ:

18. What idea is stressed in the last two paragraphs?

1) There is room for further achievements in space exploration.

2) Asteroids are unique objects for scientific research.

3) Only smart administration can manage space programs.

4) International Space Station is the heaviest object in space.

Ответ:

 

По окончании выполнения заданий 10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

 

Проверьте себя по ключам.

Key answers: Task 10           4635827

Key answers: Task 11           524173

Key answers:

12   4

13   2

14   2

15   1

16   2

17   2

18   1

 

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