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написание сочинения

ЕГЭ Задание 40 Opinion Essay: The art of writing letters

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В этой статье представлен примерный образец выполнения Задания 40 (Opinion Essay) ЕГЭ по английскому языку с пошаговым планом.

Задание 40 

Comment on the following statement.

Many young people think that the art of writing letters should not be revived.

What is your opinion?

Write 200 — 250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • Make the introduction (state the problem)
  • Express your personal opinion and give 2 – 3 reasons for your opinion
  • Express the opposing opinion and give 1 – 2 reasons for this opposing opinion
  • Explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
  • Make a conclusion restating your position

написание сочинения

Opinion Essay

Образец оформления текста сочинения

Приступая к выполнению этого задания, подумайте, нужно ли возрождать эпистолярный стиль письма, или лучше воспользоваться современными способами обмена информацией.

Вступительная часть (the introduction)

Начните писать свое сочинение, перефразировав предложенный текст-стимул.

Например:

Nowadays teenagers hold the opinion that writing letters is not a convenient way of exchanging information. However, a lot of adults consider that the epistolary style is worth keeping. So, who is right? 

Основная часть сочинения, как правило, состоит из трех абзацев:

— express your personal opinion (ваша точка зрения)

— express the opposing opinion (точка зрения воображаемого оппонента)

— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion (объясните, почему вы не согласны с точкой зрения оппонента)

Итак, во вступлении вы сформулировали две противоположных точки зрения (обратите внимание, что здесь мы не выражаем своего личного мнения по проблеме!) Выберите тот тезис, который выражает вашу точку зрения, и приступайте к подбору аргументов и доводов в свою пользу.

Правила подбора аргументов:

  • Нужно всегда учитывать логическую связь между элементами: тезисом-аргументом-доводом
  • Нужно всегда выделять ключевые слова при анализе утверждений: ключевые слова в тезисе помогут подобрать аргументы, а ключевые слова в аргументе помогут правильно сформулировать довод.
  • Выделив ключевые слова в аргументе, составьте вопрос, проясняющий их содержание. Ответами на этот вопрос будут являться доводы.
  • При выборе аргументов «ЗА», не ссылайтесь на мнение оппонента (вы отстаиваете СВОЮ позицию).

Воспользуйтесь схемой, которая поможет вам правильно подобрать аргументы:

ТЕЗИС               →               ПОТОМУ ЧТО               →               АРГУМЕНТ

АРГУМЕНТ         →               ПОЭТОМУ                     →               ТЕЗИС

Тезис автора:   

I strongly believe that to write letters, using a pen and an envelope in the age of modern technologies seems to be ridiculous.

Аргументы:

  1. Today young people tend to use modern devices for exchanging information.
  2. Computers give people an easy access to communication.
  3. People who continue writing letters are thought to be old-fashioned.

Схема подбора доводов:

АРГУМЕНТ                →               ПОТОМУ ЧТО               →               ДОВОД

ДОВОД                     →               ПОЭТОМУ                     →               АРГУМЕНТ

Доводы:

  1. Today young people tend to use modern devices such as smartphones for exchanging information because typing and texting are better than letter writing.
  2. Computers give people an easy and fast access to communication because you need just a few seconds to send your e-mail worldwide.
  3. People who continue writing letters are thought to be old-fashioned because they don’t know how to operate the computer or communicate with the help of SMS language.

Правила подбора контраргументов:

  • Нужно частично признать, что в аргументах оппонента есть здравый смысл
  • Выделите в доводах оппонента ключевые слова и на их основе нужно сформулировать противоположные по смыслу утверждения
  • Количество контрдоводов должно равняться количеству аргументов оппонента
  • Нужно проверить, что контраргумент отвечает на вопрос, почему аргумент оппонента является неубедительным

Контраргументы:

  1. Letter writing develops your speech and writing skills (literacy).
  2. Letter writing is a kind of tradition which is difficult to quit.
  3. Letter writing helps to raise your language competence.

Вывод (Make a conclusion)

В конце сочинения проверьте, достаточно ли отражена убедительность вашего тезиса в общем выводе (5й абзац). То есть, вам нужно еще раз повторить мысль, которая представляет ваше мнение по данному вопросу.

Например:

  1. According to the reasons presented above, I would like to conclude that writing letters is not so convenient as sending letters on the Internet (emailing) that is why we do not have to revive this habit.
  2. To sum it up, I reckon that the revival of letter writing is a lap into the past. So, it is much better to keep up with the times.

Sample answer

Nowadays teenagers hold the opinion that writing letters is not a convenient way of exchanging information. However, a lot of adults consider that the epistolary style is worth keeping. So, who is right? (33)

I strongly believe that to write letters, using a pen and an envelope in the age of modern technologies seems to be ridiculous. Firstly, today young people tend to use recent devices such as smartphones for exchanging information. For example, typing and texting are better than letter writing because you can interact with your friends no matter where you are.  Secondly, computers give people an easy and fast access to communication, so you need just a few seconds to send your e-mail worldwide. Besides, people who continue writing letters are thought to be old-fashioned. (127)

At the same time, some people think that letter writing helps to raise your language competence because in order to avoid mistakes you should remember all grammar rules. Moreover, for the older generation it is a kind of tradition which is difficult to quit. (171)

As for me, I cannot completely agree with the above mentioned opinion, because if you do not know how to write this or that word, you can consult online dictionaries. What is more, it is not very convenient to use a snail mail as it can take you far more time to get a letter. (226)

To sum it up, I reckon that the revival of letter writing is a lap into the past. So, it is much better to keep up with the times. (255)

Hope you can do this task even better!

Good luck in your exam!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Коляда

Задание 39 Письма о праздновании Рождества

На этой странице Вашему вниманию предлагается подборка писем о праздновании Рождества и Нового года в России, написанных моими учениками. Задание 39 относится к заданию базового уровня из раздела Письмо на ЕГЭ по английскому языку.  Задания взяты из пособия Е. С. Музлановой "Английский язык. Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ: «Письмо» ООО «Издательство Астрель», 2012 г. и пособия под редакцией Л.И. Романовой «ЕГЭ Английский язык Письмо», Айрис-Пресс, Москва, 2009.

Прежде чем приступать к выполнению Задания 39, ознакомьтесь с правилами написания писем личного характера, прочитав статью «Готовимся к ЕГЭ. Как правильно написать личное письмо» (см. Карту Сайта)

Внимание! 

При загрузке контента на сайт, адрес в письме появляется слева. Помните, что согласно правилам написания личного письма в английском языке, Вы должны писать свой адрес в правом верхнем углу!

Задание 39

This is an extract from your pen friend’s postcard.

I’m having a busy time at the moment as I have to write lots of Christmas cards to all my friends and relative. Do you celebrate Christmas in Russia? What holidays are celebrated in your country? What is your favourite holiday? How do you celebrate it?

  Well, I’d better go now. I’ve to help mum with cooking.

  I can’t wait to hear from you.

  Lots of love,

 Jackie

 

Write back to Jackie.

In your letter

  • answer her questions about Russian holidays
  • ask 3 questions about British holidays

 

Tishanka

Russia

06/02/11

Dear Jackie,

Thanks for your letter. I’m awfully sorry for not replying sooner.

Frankly speaking, Christmas which is celebrated on the 7 of January in our country, isn’t so popular as New Year’s Day.  At Christmas night lots of people go to church to mark the birth of Jesus Christ. Children enjoy singing carols. As my father is a priest in the local church, I always help him in the altar during the mass. I like Christmas best of all because the solemn moments of the holiday make me feel happy.

We also celebrate Women’s Day, Easter, Victory Day, Day of People’s Unity and Independence Day.

By the way, how do you celebrate Easter in Britain? Are there any Halloween traditions you don’t like? When do you mark Mothers’ Day?

Look forward to hearing from you.

Love,

Denis (141)

 

Задание 39

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Paul who writes

We had a lot of fun on April Fools’ Day. Do you have the same holiday in Russia? Could you tell me please about Russian holidays?

    I changed the make of my mobile telephone and bought Nokia…

 

Write a letter to Paul.

In your letter:

  • tell him about Russian holidays
  • ask 3 questions about his new mobile telephone

Write 100 – 140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

Volokonovka

Russia

30/01/13

Dear Paul,

Thank you for your letter.  I hope all’s going well.

You know, we don’t actually celebrate April Fools’ Day but sometimes we play pranks on our classmates and friends.

As for Russian holidays, the most popular among them are New Year’s Day and Christmas. We usually decorate a New Year tree, send colourful e-cards and give presents to our friends and relatives. New Year’s Day is considered to be a family holiday that’s why most people stay at home to see the New Year in.

Also we celebrate Women’s Day, Victory Day and Independence Day. You may attend concerts and fireworks that take place in many cities throughout the country.

It’s great you’ve got a new phone! Is it a touch screen smartphone? Can you email from it? What options does your new phone have?

Write me soon.

Love,

Sofia  (145)

Sample Questions

  1. Is it the latest model of Nokia?
  2. What options does it have?
  3. Is it a slider or a classic model?
  4. Does it have many apps? (applications – приложения)
  5. Is there a dual SIM-card in your new phone?
  6. What colour phone did you buy? / What is the colour of your new phone?
  7. Why did you buy this particular phone model?
  8. Does it operate faster and more stable than your old phone?
  9. Does it often slow down?
  10. Is it a modern touch screen smartphone?
  11. It helps you to be in the loop, doesn’t it?
  12. Can you email from your phone?
  13. What is the capacity of the battery?
  14. What accessories have you bought with your phone?
  15. Have you got GPS navigation on your new phone?

Коляда

Kolyada

Задание 39

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jane who writes

…I am taking my final tests at school. Then I will have Christmas holiday…

  …Yesterday we went shopping. I bought Christmas presents for my relatives and friends. There were so many people everywhere. How do you usually celebrate Christmas?

Write a letter to Jane.

In your letter:

  • tell her about New Year and Christmas celebration in Russia
  • ask 3 questions about English traditions of observing Christmas

Write 100 – 140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

Volokonovka

Russia

04/01/12

Dear Jane,

Thanks for your letter. It is nice to hear from you again.

It’s great Christmas is coming! Do you know that in Russia we celebrate it on 7 January? Church-goers and common people head to church at Christmas night. Children go from door to door singing Christmas carols and people give them sweets, fruit and some money. Kutya is a traditional Christmas dish in Russia.

But lots of people like New Year’s celebrations most of all. They decorate a fir-tree, send greeting cards and give presents to their nearest and dearest. New Year's Day is strongly connected with «Olivye» slad and tangerines in people's minds. Children have New Year parties at school too.

By the way, what is Boxing Day? Do you know any Christmas carols? Do you still believe in Santa Claus?

Keep in touch.

Love,

Irina (143)

Sample Questions

  1. You usually celebrate Christmas on 25 December, don’t you?
  2. Why do children hang up stockings on their beds at Christmas?
  3. Do you send Christmas post cards or e-cards to your friends?
  4. What is the traditional Christmas dish in Great Britain?
  5. How many ingredients do you need to make the Christmas pudding?
  6. What is Boxing Day? / When do you celebrate Boxing Day?
  7. Do you know any Christmas carols?
  8. Where is the main Christmas Tree in London?
  9. In Great Britain people prefer to decorate an artificial Christmas tree nowadays, don’t they?
  10. Do you still believe in Santa Claus?

 

Hope you liked the material.

If so, share it with those who might need it. 

And thank you for reading me.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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