Записи с меткой говорение

Витлингэм центр досуга

ЕГЭ 2016 Устная часть Образцы выполнения заданий Вариант 2

1

В этой статье представлены примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части (Speaking Part) ЕГЭ 2016 по английскому языку. Это вторая статья из данного цикла. Статья написана с учетом изменений, которые произошли в формулировке задания 3 (пункт 1 и пункт 4) в 2016 году. Задания подобраны на основе рекомендаций ведущих экспертов ЕГЭ. Надеюсь, данный материал поможет вам в подготовке к экзамену.

Task 1

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read this text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
No single person or culture invented the alphabet – it has evolved over centuries. In order to understand modern alphabets, we must take a trip back through time.

Archeologists have discovered cave paintings thousands of years old that document the first forms of alphabets. In fact, some of the oldest alphabetic symbols have been found in the Middle East more than 5,000 years ago.

One of the earliest forms of the alphabet was hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics were single symbols that stood for entire words. Thousands of characters and symbols were used to represent the words, needs, and lives of early civilizations.

Memorizing of thousands of unique hieroglyphic symbols was a difficult task, so only the most highly educated priests and scholars were experts.

The Latin alphabet, also called the “Roman alphabet”, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. This is the system on which the English alphabet is based.

Listen to this audiofile

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation!

[ɜ:] –  person, expert, first, word, world

[i]  –  system, symbol, hieroglyphic

[f]  –  alphabet, hieroglyphic

[k] –  archeologist, character, scholar

[θ] –  through, thousand

Vocabulary

to evolve [i´vɔlv] – развиваться, эволюционировать

through [θru:] – сквозь, через

alphabet [´ælfəbət] – алфавит

hieroglyphic [ˏhaiərəu´ɡlifik] – иероглифический, состоящий из иероглифов

character [´kærəktə] – характер, признак, буква, иероглиф, символ

scholar [´skɔlə] – ученый, филолог

priest [pri:st] – священник

entire [in´taiə] – целый

unique [ju:´ni:k] – уникальный, единственный

Советы:

— Прослушайте несколько раз прилагаемый к тексту аудио файл, обращая внимание на интонационное и фонетическое оформление текста.

— Прочитайте текст, копируя интонацию и произношение слов в английском языке. Особое внимание обратите на понижение интонации в конце предложения, которая указывает на законченность мысли. И наоборот, нужно читать текст, повышая интонацию при перечислениях (кроме последнего слова); так же восходящая интонация используется для выражения незаконченной мысли или сомнения.

— Не забывайте, что предлоги, союзы и артикли нужно читать слитно с глаголами и существительными.

Не оглушайте звонкие согласные в конце слова, ибо это может изменить лексическое значение слова.

— В процессе подготовки к ЕГЭ уделяйте достаточно внимания изучению новых слов (правописание + лексическое значение).

Task 2

Study the advertisement.

Витлингэм центр досуга

You are considering taking part in a quiz in order to win a free £50 voucher to the Whitlingham Outdoor Centre and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  • deadline for answers (конечный срок для отправки ответов)
  • the way of picking a winner (спросите о способе выбора победителя)
  • age of applicants (возраст участников)
  • if an applicant must live in Norfolk (должен ли участник викторины проживать в Норфолке)
  • list of activities available (список возможных мероприятий /видов деятельности)

Sample answer

  1. What is the deadline for sending the answer?
  2. How will you pick a winner? / What is the way of picking a winner? / Will you pick a winner at random?
  3. How old must be the applicants? / What age is suitable for applicants?
  4. Must an applicant live in Norfolk?
  5. Where can I get the list of activities at the outdoor centre? / Is there a list of possible activities at the centre? / Can I find the list of possible activities on your website? / What outdoor activities do you offer? / What kinds of activities are available at your center?

at random – случайным образом

Task 3

Imagine that these are photos from your photo album.

Choose one photo to present to your friend.

 

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

  • where and when the photo was taken
  • what/who is in the photo
  • whatis happening
  • why you keep the photo in your album
  • why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with

I’ve chosen photo number…”

Sample answer (photo No 3)

I've chosen photo number 3.  (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).

I should say that a lot of amazing and curious things always happen around us daily.  Look at this picture, for example. It’s really fabulous, isn’t it? My mum took it two years ago when she was travelling around Italy.

In the foreground of the picture you can see a street performer. It looks like he is floating in the air. It’s unbelievable but he is not touching the ground. The man is wearing bright orange Hindu clothes that’s why I think he might be a yoga practitioner.  In front of him there is a little box for charity.

In the background of the picture there are some ruins of the ancient buildings. As my mum says it’s one of the most famous historical sights of Rome.

I keep this photo in my album because I was totally impressed by this unusual / fantastic / incredible / stunning / gimmick.

To tell the truth, I don’t really believe in the power of levitation. I’m sure it’s just a kind of illusion. I decided to show this photo to you because I’m eager to know if you have any idea how this trick works. (I decided to show this photo to you because I have always wanted to know the secrets of this performance and maybe together we find out the answer).

That’s all I wanted to say. (Конец ответа)

gimmick [´ɡimik] – уловка, трюк, хитрость, диковинка

fabulous – сказочный, потрясающий

stunning [´stʌniŋ] – сногсшибательный, ошеломляющий

incredible [in´kredibl] –  невообразимый, потрясающий

levitation [levi´teiʃ(ə)n] – ощущение полета

to float [fləut] – плыть в воздухе, парить

to be eager [´i:ɡə] to do smth – сильно хотеть чего-то

Task 4

Study the photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
  • say what the pictures have in common
  • say in what way the pictures are different
  • say which kind of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer
  • explain why

Sample answer

народный танец

Photo 1

Now I am going to compare and contrast [kən´trɑ:st] these two photos. (start with this phrase)

Just at the beginning I would go as far as to say that lots of people are fond of dancing because it is a good way to express their feelings and emotions. And now let’s take a closer look at these two photos.

In the first picture you can see a group of people performing a folk dance on the stage. They are wearing nicely designed scarlet costumes embroidered with pearls and gold work.  I am fairly sure that they are performing one of the traditional Russian dances because the girls are wearing kokoshniks which are an integral part of Russian folk costumes (which are a typical head-dress of Russian folk costumes). It looks as if all dancers are in a good mood.

танго

Picture 2

In the second picture I’d like to draw your attention to the couple who might be dancing tango. The man looks very elegant in his black suit as well as his partner in a beautiful red dress. They seem to be showing some dramatic and complex figures.

The main similarity between picture 1 and picture 2 is that they both display / show / depict people who take up dancing. Another resemblance is that people in both pictures are wearing their stage costumes instead of their casual clothes.

The most obvious difference between picture 1 and picture 2 is the style of dances. I’m pretty confident that in picture 1 people are performing a folk dance, whereas picture 2 depicts a kind of ballroom dancing. What is more, in comparison to picture 1 where you can see a folk ensemble (a lot of people), picture 2 shows a partner dance (two people).

As for me, I would prefer to take up ballroom dancing because I am a hot-tempered person so this style of dancing with its speed and emotions will better reflect my character.

Summarizing, I may say that taking part into dancing activity is a good way of recreation.

That’s where I’d like to end.

Vocabulary

scarlet [´skɑ:lət] – ярко-красный, алый

to embroider [im´brɔidə] – вышивать, украшать вышивкой

pearl [pɜ:l] – жемчуг

kokoshnik – кокошник

head-dress – головной убор

integral part [in´teɡr(ə)l] – неотъемлемая часть

folk dance [fəuk] – народный танец

ballroom dance – бальный танец

tango [´tæŋɡəu] – танго

couple [´kʌpl] – пара

ensemble [ɑ:n´sɑ:mb(ə)l] – ансамбль

to draw one’s attention – привлечь внимание

recreation [ˏrikri´eiʃn] – отдых

If you like the material, share it with those who might need it.

Good luck in your exam!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ЕГЭ 2016 Устная часть Образцы выполнения заданий Вариант 1

1

В этой статье представлены примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части (Speaking Part) ЕГЭ 2016 по английскому языку. Статья написана с учетом изменений, которые произошли в формулировке задания 3 (пункт 1 и пункт 4). Надеюсь, данный материал поможет вам в подготовке к экзамену.

Task 1

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read this text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Burney Crouss went to school to study the sounds of nature. For 20 years he has recorded the sounds animals make. He has recordings of animal sounds from all over the world.
Burney has made a record of animal songs. It all began when he took some of the sounds and put them together. Last year, he put together a song he called «Jungle Shoes.» It turned out great.

Burney makes the music by taking part of his animal noises and saving them on a computer. He makes each sound play when a key is pressed. Then he asks other musicians to play the keys into songs. Burney believes in working to save nature. He thinks that more people need to take care of our world. The sounds of nature are quickly disappearing.

When he recorded whales in Alaska, he could hear the sound of oil well drilling from fifteen to twenty miles away. It was very loud. He says his goal is to save nature sounds so his children will be able to hear them.

Listen to this audiofile

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation!

Crouss, sound, loud – [au]

Burney, turn, world – [ɜ:]

to think – [θ]

together – [ð]

Vocabulary

nature [´neitʃə] – природа

musician [mju:´ziʃ(ə)n] – музыкант, композитор

key [ki:] – клавиша (рояля, органа, клавиатуры компьютера)

to record [ri ´kɔ:d] – записывать, регистрировать

record [´rekɔ:d] – запись

to disappear [ˏdisə´piə] – исчезать

goal [ɡəul] – цель, задача

whale [weil] – кит

Советы:

— Прослушайте несколько раз прилагаемый к тексту аудио файл, обращая внимание на интонационное и фонетическое оформление текста носителем языка.

— Прочитайте текст, копируя интонацию и произношение слов в английском языке. Особое внимание уделите понижению интонации в конце предложения. Из опыта преподавания знаю, что многие студенты не обозначают завершение фразы нисходящим тоном, а наоборот, повышают его, что значительно затрудняет восприятие содержания.

— Не забывайте, что предлоги и артикли нужно читать слитно с глаголами и существительными.

— Не оглушайте звонкие согласные в конце слова, ибо это может изменить лексическое значение слова.

— В процессе подготовки к ЕГЭ учите новые слова (правописание + лексическое значение). 

Task 2

Study the advertisement.

Advertisement

 

You are considering booking a river trip and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  • Booking of the trip (заказ прогулки по реке)
  • Boarding time (время посадки на корабль)
  • Kinds of amenities (виды удобств на корабле)
  • Reductions for senior citizens (скидки для пенсионеров)
  • If food and drinks available on board the yacht (возможность заказа еды и напитков на борту яхты)

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Sample answer

  • How can I book the trip? / Can I book the trip on the phone? / I can book the trip on the phone, can’t I? / Should I book the trip in advance? / Is there any possibility to book the trip online?
  • What is the boarding time? / When does the boarding start (begin)?
  • What amenities are there on board the yacht (the boat, the ship)?
  • Are there any reductions (discounts) for senior citizens?
  • Can we order (buy) any food and drinks on board the yacht?

amenities [ə´minətiz] – удобства

оn board the ship (on board the plane) – на борту корабля (самолета)

Советы:

Поскольку вам нужно задать 5 прямых вопросов, вы должны знать, что в вопросительных структурах в английском языке используется обратный порядок слов. Не возможно поставить вопрос, только изменив интонацию предложения, как мы делаем это в русском языке.

Например:

В русском языке

Я могу заказать еду и напитки на борту яхты. (утверждение, интонация нисходящая)

Я могу заказать еду и напитки на борту яхты? (вопрос, интонация восходящая)

В английском языке

I can order some food and drinks on board the yacht. (утверждение, интонация нисходящая, порядок слов прямой: подлежащее + сказуемое)

Общие вопросы

Can I order any food and drinks on board the yacht? (вопрос, интонация восходящая, порядок слов обратный: вспомогательный или модальный глагол + подлежащее)

Специальные вопросы

How can I book the trip? (вопрос, интонация нисходящая, порядок слов: вопросительное слово + вспомогательный глагол + подлежащее)

В этом задании нельзя задавать косвенные вопросы типа Do you think I can book the trip on the phone или  I wonder if I can book the trip on the phone.

Task 3

Imagine that these are photos from your photo album.

Choose one photo to present to your friend.

 


You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

  • where and when the photo was taken
  • what / who is in the photo
  • whatis happening
  • why you keep the photo in your album
  • why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I've chosen photo number...»

Sample answer

I've chosen photo number 2.  (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).

You know, every summer we go to the seaside to have a good rest. So, I took this photo two years ago when our family went to Egypt on summer holidays.  It was our first trip abroad.

In the foreground of the photo you can see my little brother Dmitry. He is riding a camel on a sandy beach. He looks very happy because he has never done it before. The camel is covered with bright colourful blanket made of wool. It also has got some funny pompons (decorations) on its head. The day is quite hot and sunny and there are no clouds in the sky. So, not to get sunburnt Dima is wearing a T-shirt.   

The sea is very calm. You can notice several snow-white yachts (ships) against the skyline. Every day they take people for offshore excursions where one can watch dolphins and exotic species of fish.

As a rule, I always take a lot of pictures while travelling. I often show them to my friends and relatives to share the best and the most thrilling moments of our journeys.  That’s why I keep them in my album.

I was really astonished (impressed, struck) by a funny look of the camel. It seems to me that the animal has got a smiling face. I decided to show this picture to you because I think it might improve your mood. I hope you find it amazing, too.

That is all I wanted to say. (обязательная фраза для экзаменатора, свидетельствующая о завершении коммуникации)

Task 4

Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
  • say what the pictures have in common
  • say in what way the pictures are different
  • say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
  • explain why

Christmas in Australia

Photo 1

Now I am going to compare and contrast [kən´traːst] these two photos.

To start with I should admit that holidays are an integral[in´teɡrəl]  part of our life no matter where we live. And these two photos are the evidence of what I have said.

Both pictures show people celebrating Christmas.

The first photo depicts a company of  six young people who are enjoying a holiday season on a sandy beach. They are wearing swimming suits, sunglasses and Santa’s hats. I’m not sure but it seems to me that it is a team of life-guards. In the background of the picture you can see a decorated Christmas tree, a large inflatable snowman and Santa Claus.

Singing Carols

Photo 2

As for the second picture it shows a young man and a young woman singing carols in the street which is beautifully decorated with lights. The weather is snowy and I suppose it’s pretty cold outside because they are wearing warm clothes, gloves and scarves. Even their dog has got a warm jacket and a scarf and that makes me think (I’ve got a feeling) that these people are very caring and love their pet very much.

As I have mentioned before the main similarity (the most obvious similarity) between these pictures is a festive atmosphere of Christmas. Also I get the impression that people in picture 1 and picture 2 are of the same age and look very joyful. Moreover, both pictures were taken outdoors (out-of-doors / in the open air).

Comparing these two pictures, I’d like to stress out that the most apparent (striking) difference between them is the season of the year. In the first photo the event might be taking place somewhere in Australia because Christmas Day usually falls in the middle of the summer in this country. In contrast, in the second picture you can see people in winter. I can only guess that they are probably British.  Besides, picture No 1 was taken during the daytime, while picture No 2 was taken at night.

All in all, I may say that I’d prefer to celebrate Christmas in Australia, because it is extremely unusual (awesome / thrilling / killing / dramatic) to celebrate totally winter holiday in summer.

That’s where I’d like to end. (I’ve come to the end of my speaking.)

Thank you for listening.

Используя приведенные выше примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части ЕГЭ по английскому языку, постройте свой ответ. Заучите необходимые для ответов фразы-клише. Настоятельно рекомендую следить за временем  во время подготовки к экзамену!

Практический совет!

Перейдите по этой ссылке и скачайте интерактивный тренажер для подготовки к Устной части ЕГЭ. Можно воспользоваться как бесплатной версией с доступом к одному варианту, так и платной, в которой предлагается выполнить 20 вариантов. Записанные в реальном времени ответы, будут сохраняться на вашем компьютере и у вас будет возможность их прослушать и проанализировать на предмет наличия ошибок. Тренажер полностью воспроизводит процедуру проведения устной части экзамена в том виде, как она отражена на сайте ФИПИ.  Я со своими учениками активно пользуюсь данной программой.

Поделитесь данной статьей со своими друзьями и коллегами в социальных сетях. 

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