Записи с меткой Раздел 2

ОГЭ 2017 Раздел 2 Чтение Демоверсия ФИПИ

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Всем доброго дня!

Продолжаем готовиться к сдаче ОГЭ.

Сегодня будем выполнять задания по чтению (Раздел2) из Демонстрационного варианта  ОГЭ 2017, представленного на сайте ФИПИ.

Как всегда, сначала знакомимся с форматом заданий и полезными советами, которые помогут успешно выполнить данные задания.

Формат задания

Задание 9 – тест на установление соответствий между заголовками и текстом

Максимальный балл – 7 баллов

Задания 10 – 17 – тест на установление соответствия приведенных утверждений прочитанному тексту (True/False/Not stated)

Максимальный балл – 8 баллов

Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий по чтению – 30 минут

Максимальный балл за правильное выполнение всех заданий Раздела 2 (Чтение) – 15 баллов

Основные стратегии чтения, которые помогут вам правильно распределить время на выполнение заданий во время экзамена.

— при чтении текстов постарайтесь уловить главную мысль текста

— выделите (подчеркните) ключевые слова

— не впадайте в панику, если встречаются незнакомые слова; научитесь игнорировать новую для вас лексику, сосредоточившись на основном содержании представленного текста

— при прочтении обращайте внимание на организацию текста: первые и последние предложения абзаца, потому что чаще всего именно по ним вы сможете подобрать соответствующий тексту заголовок

— прочитав абзац, попытайтесь сформулировать его основное содержание одним предложением или словосочетанием

Задание 9 Полезные советы

В заданиях этого типа нужно соединить с текстом заголовки (или вопросы / или утверждения к тексту).

Количество текстов – 7

Количество заголовков – 8

  • Начните выполнение этого задания с чтения заголовков и попробуйте догадаться, о чем может идти речь в тексте.
  • Когда вы убедитесь, что полностью поняли заголовки, переходите к чтению текстов. Во время первого прочтения не нужно сразу подбирать заголовки к текстам, поскольку информация в текстах может незначительно отличаться и есть большая вероятность допустить ошибку.
  • Во время второго прочтения начните соотносить отрывки текста с заголовками (или утверждениями, или вопросами).
  • Если заголовки близки по смыслу, нужно подобрать наиболее подходящий, т.е. наиболее точно отражающий содержание прочитанного отрывка.
  • После того, как вы закончили выполнять задание, убедитесь, что заголовок, который вы не использовали, не подходит ни к одному из текстов.

Задания 10 – 17 Полезные советы

В этом задании вам нужно определить, согласуется ли данное предложение с информацией, которую вы прочитали в тексте.

1) Сначала полностью прочитайте текст и постарайтесь, как можно точнее понять его содержание. Определите, соответствует ли последовательность излагаемых событий в тексте приведенным утверждениям.

2) Затем найдите в тексте то место, которое соответствует каждому высказыванию. Обратите внимание, что это будет не полное совпадение, а передача информации другими словами. Для этого очень полезно знать синонимичный ряд слов. Например, to like doing smth = to enjoy doing smth = to be interested in smth = to be keen on smth = to be fond of smth

3) Очень важно научиться отличать отсутствие информации в тексте (Not stated) от ее несоответствия (False).

4) Итак:

— вы выбираете ответ True, если в тексте встречается данная информация, но при этом использована другая лексика

— вы выбираете False, если об этом говорится в тексте, но утверждение имеет противопоЛОЖНЫЙ содержанию текста смысл

— вы выбираете Not Stated, если в тексте об этом четко не говорится, хотя утверждение не противоречит общему содержанию текста

5) Нужно научиться чувствовать разницу между фактами, которые вы прочитали в тексте, и вашими собственными выводами (умозаключениями), которые вы сделали на основе содержания экзаменационного текста.

В заключение хочу сказать, что, несмотря на совет «игнорировать незнакомую лексику», я все-таки считаю, что во время подготовки к экзамену изучать новые слова необходимо, особенно, если слово встречается часто и является ключевым для понимания содержания текста. Хороший лексический запас поможет вам в успешном выполнении не только заданий по чтению. Также вы сможете отлично написать письмо (читайте статью здесь) и с легкостью справитесь с заданиями по аудированию.

Демонстрационный вариант ОГЭ 2017 ФИПИ

Раздел 2 (Задания по чтению)

Task 9

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

  1. The scientific explanation
  2. The real shape
  3. A lucky sign
  4. Some tips
  5. Places without rainbows
  6. A personal vision
  7. A bridge between worlds
  8. Impossible to catch

A. Two people never see the same rainbow. Each person sees a different one. It happens because the raindrops are constantly moving so the rainbow is always changing too. Each time you see a rainbow it is unique and it will never be the same! In addition, everyone sees colours differently according to the light and how their eyes interpret it.

B. A rainbow is an optical phenomenon that is seen in the atmosphere. It appears in the sky when the sun’s light is reflected by the raindrops. A rainbow always appears during or immediately after showers when the sun is shining and the air contains raindrops. As a result, a spectrum of colours is seen in the sky. It takes the shape of a multicoloured arc. 

C. Many cultures see the rainbow as a road, a connection between earth and heaven (the place where God lives). Legends say that it goes below the earth at the horizon and then comes back up again. In this way it makes a permanent link between what is above and below, between life and death. In some myths the rainbow is compared to a staircase connecting earth to heaven.

D. We all believe that the rainbow is arch-shaped. The funny thing is that it's actually a circle. The reason we don’t see the other half of the rainbow is because we cannot see below the horizon. However, the higher we are above the ground, the more of the rainbow’s circle we can see. That is why, from an airplane in flight, a rainbow will appear as a complete circle with the shadow of the airplane in the centre.

E. In many cultures there is a belief that seeing a rainbow is good. Legends say that if you dig at the end of a rainbow, you'll find a pot of gold. Rainbows are also seen after a storm, showing that the weather is getting better, and there is hope after the storm. This is why they are associated with rescue and good fortune. If people happen to get married on such a day, it is said that they will enjoy a very happy life together.

F. You can never reach the end of a rainbow. A rainbow is all light and water. It is always in front of you while your back is to the sun. As you move, the rainbow that your eye sees moves as well and it will always ‘move away’ at the same speed that you are moving. No matter how hard you try, a rainbow will always be as far away from you as it was before you started to move towards it.

G. To see a rainbow you have to remember some points. First, you should be standing with the sun behind you. Secondly, the rain should be in front of you. The most impressive rainbows appear when half of the sky is still dark with clouds and the other half is clear. The best time to see a rainbow is on a warm day in the early morning after sunrise or late afternoon before sunset. Rainbows are often seen near waterfalls and fountains.

 

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Текст       A       B      C       D       E       F       G
Заголовок

 

Vocabulary

rainbow – радуга

arch-shaped  /ɑːtʃ/  – в форме дуги

arc  /ɑːk/ – дуга

horizon  /həˈraɪzən/ – горизонт

cloud – облако

sunrise – восход

sunset – закат

waterfall – водопад

fountain – фонтан

phenomenon  /fɪˈnɒmɪnən/ – явление  phenomena ( pl.)явления

© 2017 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации 

Английский язык. 9 класс Используется с бланками ответов

Tasks 10 – 17

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

The Best Job in the World

Have you ever heard of the Great Barrier Reef? It is the world's largest coral reef system along the eastern coast of Australia. In February 2009 an extraordinary position was advertised by the Australian Tourism Office. The advertisement ran that the Great Barrier Reef needed a caretaker for half a year. It was for a special person who would look after the Reef.

The job offered a large salary, free accommodation in a luxury villa, and transportation there and around the islands. All expenses would be paid: the winner wouldn't need to spend any extra money on anything.

The job's duties were pretty simple. You could only dream of such requirements. First, the person had to speak English and swim well. Second, on the island his responsibility included writing a weekly Internet blog. That's right, weekly, not even daily! The job description also required the successful applicant to explore the islands of the Great Barrier Reef, swim, make friends with the locals and generally enjoy the tropical climate and lifestyle. A real dream!

Within the first 2 days of the contest, the tourism office received more than seven thousand online applications. All told, 34,000 people of all different nationalities applied. Each made and presented a 60-second video résumé. They had to be creative and they were. In the end 16 people were chosen, who flew to Australia for the final selection. The candidates were interviewed and the winner was Ben Southall from the UK.

Ben greatly enjoyed the dream job he had got. He realised that people knew very little about planet earth and its treasures. Living in big cities, they forgot how important the flora and fauna of this world were. Every time Ben went outdoors, he could discover something new. «Every time I dived or went underwater, I forgot about all the troubles above water and concentrated on living in the moment. It was a good way to clean the mind and build respect for the natural world,» Ben said.

Ben's life on the island was not just fun. It was very busy, busier than most people imagined, and certainly busier than Ben himself had imagined. He worked seven days a week and up to 19 hours a day. The Best Job included travelling to over 60 islands of the Reef almost every day. It was not just looking after the Reef, Ben had a lot of meetings, press conferences and interviews. He was getting a lot of attention all the time and he couldn't get away from it. That was probably the hardest part of the job.

Moreover, any adventure has a certain degree of risk. Swimming and diving on the Great Barrier Reef was not different. Ben had to deal with whales, sharks and other huge sea creatures. Surprisingly, the most dangerous thing was a small jellyfish about the size of a little finger. It's considered to be extremely poisonous and Ben was stung by it. He had to spend a couple of days in hospital but luckily recovered after a course of antibiotics.

Ben often says that the project has taught him a few valuable lessons. Working with the Internet is one of those jobs you can do 24 hours a day. Ben realised it was hard to separate life and work, but this he had to do. He also said: «I've learned that we get one life on earth so we have to use it. There'll always be other countries to visit, other people to meet and other adventures to meet. This is what I wish to do. I'm planning to go to Asia in a few years time».

10. The Australian Tourism Office employs a new caretaker twice a year.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:

11. There was no Internet on the islands of the Great Barrier Reef.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

12. People from different countries applied for the job.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

13. Ben Southall was a good swimmer.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

14. While working as a caretaker Ben Southall had lots of free time.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

15. To do his job Ben Southall had to communicate with journalists.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

16. Ben Southhall was taken to hospital after a shark attack.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

17. Ben Southall is going to make a film about his work on the islands.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ: 

Vocabulary

caretaker –  а person who will look after the Reef – смотритель, сторож, сиделка

to advertise – рекламировать

advertisement – реклама

salary /ˈsæləri/ – заработная плата

to require  /rɪˈkwaɪə/  – требовать

requirement – требование

to apply  /əˈplaɪ/ – подавать заявление

application – заявление

applicant  /ˈæplɪkənt/ – претендент

résumé /ˈrezəmeɪ/  – резюме (краткая автобиография)

flora and fauna /ˌflɔːrə ən ˈfɔːnə/ – флора и фауна (растительный и животный мир)

to build respect – формировать уважение

whale – кит

shark – акула

jellyfish – медуза

poison – яд

poisonous – ядовитый

to sting /stɪŋ/ (stung, stung) – жалить

That shampoo really made my eyes sting.

 

По окончании выполнения заданий 9–17 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответа в задании 9 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

 

Английский язык. 9 класс Используется с бланками ответов

© 2017 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации

 

Ответ к Заданию 9: 6172384

Ответы к Заданиям 10 – 17

10      3

11      2

12      1

13      1

14      2

15      1

16      2

17      3

 

ЕГЭ Раздел 2 Чтение Вариант 1

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Раздел 2 Чтение

Изучив советы по выполнению заданий ЕГЭ из Раздела 2 по чтению (см. Демонстрационный вариант ЕГЭ 2016 Английский язык, Раздел 2 Чтение), выполните следующие тренировочные варианты.

Вариант 1

Задание 10

Установите соответствие между текстами A – G и заголовками 1 – 8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

  1. Mixing styles
  2. Internet sensation
  3. Short lifetime
  4. Money worries
  5. Celebrity style
  6. Cheaper to buy
  7. Rebels no more
  8. Shopping frenzy

A

Youth sub-culture isn’t what it used to be. In the 1960s, youths who were protesting against their parents or society dressed a certain way to show their anger, or to feel like they belonged to something. Nowadays, parents are more accepting of their children, and society is more accepting of different people. There is less of a need to act out, so there are fewer sub-cultures as a result.

B

There are still a few youth sub-cultures these days. One phenomenon is haul girls – teenage girls who shop till they drop, then come home with a big ‘haul’, usually several bags of clothes. Then they make a video of what they bought, and not just any old video, either. They put great effort into it, with editing and a storyline. It’s their way of showing off what they love to do.

C

In the old days, it took quite a lot of cash to get the look you desired. If you wanted to be Goth, going out and buying black boots, black clothes and black jewellery would cost a considerable amount. It’s all become more affordable now, so you can belong to one youth sub-culture one week and another the next, more or less.

D

There are fewer differences between youth sub-cultures than there used to be. In the old days, a hippie looked like a hippie. A punk looked like a punk, and nothing else. But it seems that the youth of today sometimes combines looks. One example is seapunk, which is punk but much more colourful and with a bit of hip-hop added. At least it’s still very creative!

E

A youth sub-culture is defined by many things. It’s the need to stand out, or the need to protest, or the need to belong. These days, kids are quite worried about their future. University has become very expensive, and the job market isn’t as strong as it used to be. How can anyone focus on creating a unique style when they’re facing such deep financial concerns?

F

Sometimes a youth sub-culture can come out of nowhere. Take Molly Soda, for example. Molly Soda is a teenage girl who posted some short films on YouTube that quickly became highly popular. Her style of dress, with her blue hair and nose piercing, is now copied by thousands of girls who find it cool. They’re called Molly Soda girls, from a youth sub-culture born overnight!

G

It is true that youth sub-cultures are like trends. They are born, they gain popularity, and then soon enough, everyone’s joined in. At that point, they are finished. This timeline used to be much longer than it is today. Now, with social media, trends spread much faster, which means they die a death much faster, too. A sub-culture is lucky if it lasts a whole year these days!

Ответ :

       A        B        C        D        E        F        G

Задание 11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

                                                      Evolution

 

The theory of evolution says that all living things on Earth, A ____________, come from a common ancestor by slowly changing down the generations. Darwin suggested that the way living things changed over time is through natural selection. This is the better survival and reproduction of those B ____________ . Fitting into the place where you live is called adapting. Those who fit best into the place where they live, the best adapted, have the best chance to survive and breed. Those who are less well-adapted C ____________ . If they do not survive well enough to raise young, that means they do not pass on their genes. In this way, the species gradually changes.

The first chapter of the Origin deals with domesticated animals, D ____________ . Darwin reminded readers of the huge changes mankind had made in its domestic animals, which were once wild species. The changes were brought about by selective breeding – choosing animals with desirable characters to breed from. This had been done generation after generation, E __________ . Perhaps what man had done deliberately, might happen in nature, where some would live more offspring than others.

Darwin noticed that although young plants or animals are very similar to their parents, F ___________ and there is always a range of shape, size, colour and so on. Some of these differences the plant or animal may have got from their own ancestors, but some are new and caused by mutations.

 

  1. including plants, animals and microbes
  2. tend not to survive
  3. such as cattle and dogs
  4. it would have a better chance to survive
  5. that best fit their environment
  6. no two are exactly the same
  7. until our modern breeds were produced

 

Ответ:

         A          B          C          D          E          F

 

Задания 12 – 18

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. 

Crash Landing

At that time the people of Britain would have been shocked to know that women were flying their most famous war plane. But the fact is that the ATA (Air Transport Auxiliary) had over 100 women pilots who delivered more than 300,000 air craft during the war. We had to fly the Spitfires from the factories and deliver them to airfields dotted around the south of England. Normally we would be flying in daylight with good visibility conditions. That is why we were never given instrument training as our instructors told us that with all the restrictions of war time, there was no time or money to spare for this luxury.

Occasionally we had to fly other aircraft – without any kind of additional training at all. Probably some high ranking, non-flying military official somewhere said that all aircraft were exactly the same to fly. Well – I can assure you that this is not true. With unfamiliar aircraft we had ten minutes to read an instruction booklet called the “Ferry Pilot Notes”. And that was it. We had to climb in, fire up, taxi and then take off in completely unknown flying machines.

That particular day, the day I came so close to death, was my twenty-first birthday. I had no cake or candles that day and my two friends and myself shared some chocolate – the only luxury available in those days. We drank apple juice, and ate the apples and cheese. We entertained ourselves with silly stories. But at one solemn moment we also made a toast to absent friends and remembered the girls who had died delivering aircraft.

In the morning we were driven to the factory and my worst fears were realised. Instead of a lovely new and familiar Spitfire I had a bulky Torpedo bomber. We all hated these as several had crashed without any clear reason why. I was able to take the Ferry Pilot Notes into the canteen and studied them over breakfast. I had a very uneasy feeling in my stomach which had nothing to do with the breakfast I was consuming. I had birthday kisses from the other girls but it only made me feel worse.

At about 11 I was given my flight plan and it was time to go. I looked at the sky. There was a strange quality to the light that I didn’t like and I was worried. With no instrument training, fog or mist made flying incredibly dangerous and absolutely terrifying. With a heavy heart I fired up the engine.

Within 20 minutes I was approaching the river Forth. But I couldn’t see the river as clouds thickened up around me. I took the aircraft lower looking for a glimpse of the ground. At one point I was sure that I was virtually at ground level but I couldn’t see a thing. It was too dangerous to continue. I could hear my heart beating even over the roar of the engine.

When it happened – it happened really quickly. The plane hit water. I didn’t see anything. I was thrown against my straps – and then a flood of cold seawater in my eyes and mouth. I was a mile out to sea!

I was certain I was going to die. Funnily enough – I was perfectly calm. I even thought that my ATA insurance payment would really be a big help to my Mother. But then survival instinct kicked in. I was still alive – and close to shore. I had no life jacket or any survival gear but I was a good swimmer. I was certain there were no bones broken and I didn’t have to swim far. I was picked up by a fishing boat that I had narrowly missed in the fog. And in the end I got a real birthday drink after all – a cup of spiced, dark rum.

12. Women pilots from ATA had no instrument training because

1) it was an auxiliary air force.

2) they were not supposed to fly in low visibility.

3) their main job was to deliver Spitfires to airdromes.

4) there was no money for this during the war.

Ответ:

13. The Ferry Pilot Notes were instruction booklets written to

1) help women pilots.

2) explain how to fly the plane.

3) ensure further training.

4) explain how to behave in dangerous situations.

Ответ:

14. The narrator and her friends had no cake because

1) it was still the day before her birthday.

2) they preferred apples and cheese.

3) it was hard to obtain one in wartime.

4) it was a tradition to eat it in the pilot canteen.

Ответ:

15. The narrator was unhappy to take a Torpedo bomber because

1) it was a bulky aircraft.

2) she preferred to fly Spitfires.

3) she didn’t know how to fly it.

4) the plane was notorious.

Ответ:

16. The narrator flew with a heavy heart because she

1) didn’t feel healthy.

2) found her flying plan incredibly dangerous.

3) was worried there might be poor visibility.

4) was in a blue mood.

Ответ:

17. The narrator’s words “It was too dangerous to continue” refer to her decision to

1) keep on flying lower.

2) make an emergency landing on the water.

3) continue the flight.

4) ignore her heart problems.

Ответ:

18. The moment the plane crash landed the narrator

1) was sure she could swim to shore.

2) prepared to die.

3) wished she had a life jacket.

4) worried about her mother.

Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Проверьте себя по ключам.

Key answers Task 10       7861423

Key answers Task 11       152376

Key answers:  12 – 4

13 – 2

14 – 3

15 – 4

16 – 3

17 – 1

18 – 2

 

Good luck in your exam!

 

 

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