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ЕГЭ 2016 Устная часть Образцы выполнения заданий Вариант 1

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В этой статье представлены примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части (Speaking Part) ЕГЭ 2016 по английскому языку. Статья написана с учетом изменений, которые произошли в формулировке задания 3 (пункт 1 и пункт 4). Надеюсь, данный материал поможет вам в подготовке к экзамену.

Task 1

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read this text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Burney Crouss went to school to study the sounds of nature. For 20 years he has recorded the sounds animals make. He has recordings of animal sounds from all over the world.
Burney has made a record of animal songs. It all began when he took some of the sounds and put them together. Last year, he put together a song he called «Jungle Shoes.» It turned out great.

Burney makes the music by taking part of his animal noises and saving them on a computer. He makes each sound play when a key is pressed. Then he asks other musicians to play the keys into songs. Burney believes in working to save nature. He thinks that more people need to take care of our world. The sounds of nature are quickly disappearing.

When he recorded whales in Alaska, he could hear the sound of oil well drilling from fifteen to twenty miles away. It was very loud. He says his goal is to save nature sounds so his children will be able to hear them.

Listen to this audiofile

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation!

Crouss, sound, loud – [au]

Burney, turn, world – [ɜ:]

to think – [θ]

together – [ð]

Vocabulary

nature [´neitʃə] – природа

musician [mju:´ziʃ(ə)n] – музыкант, композитор

key [ki:] – клавиша (рояля, органа, клавиатуры компьютера)

to record [ri ´kɔ:d] – записывать, регистрировать

record [´rekɔ:d] – запись

to disappear [ˏdisə´piə] – исчезать

goal [ɡəul] – цель, задача

whale [weil] – кит

Советы:

— Прослушайте несколько раз прилагаемый к тексту аудио файл, обращая внимание на интонационное и фонетическое оформление текста носителем языка.

— Прочитайте текст, копируя интонацию и произношение слов в английском языке. Особое внимание уделите понижению интонации в конце предложения. Из опыта преподавания знаю, что многие студенты не обозначают завершение фразы нисходящим тоном, а наоборот, повышают его, что значительно затрудняет восприятие содержания.

— Не забывайте, что предлоги и артикли нужно читать слитно с глаголами и существительными.

— Не оглушайте звонкие согласные в конце слова, ибо это может изменить лексическое значение слова.

— В процессе подготовки к ЕГЭ учите новые слова (правописание + лексическое значение). 

Task 2

Study the advertisement.

Advertisement

 

You are considering booking a river trip and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

  • Booking of the trip (заказ прогулки по реке)
  • Boarding time (время посадки на корабль)
  • Kinds of amenities (виды удобств на корабле)
  • Reductions for senior citizens (скидки для пенсионеров)
  • If food and drinks available on board the yacht (возможность заказа еды и напитков на борту яхты)

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Sample answer

  • How can I book the trip? / Can I book the trip on the phone? / I can book the trip on the phone, can’t I? / Should I book the trip in advance? / Is there any possibility to book the trip online?
  • What is the boarding time? / When does the boarding start (begin)?
  • What amenities are there on board the yacht (the boat, the ship)?
  • Are there any reductions (discounts) for senior citizens?
  • Can we order (buy) any food and drinks on board the yacht?

amenities [ə´minətiz] – удобства

оn board the ship (on board the plane) – на борту корабля (самолета)

Советы:

Поскольку вам нужно задать 5 прямых вопросов, вы должны знать, что в вопросительных структурах в английском языке используется обратный порядок слов. Не возможно поставить вопрос, только изменив интонацию предложения, как мы делаем это в русском языке.

Например:

В русском языке

Я могу заказать еду и напитки на борту яхты. (утверждение, интонация нисходящая)

Я могу заказать еду и напитки на борту яхты? (вопрос, интонация восходящая)

В английском языке

I can order some food and drinks on board the yacht. (утверждение, интонация нисходящая, порядок слов прямой: подлежащее + сказуемое)

Общие вопросы

Can I order any food and drinks on board the yacht? (вопрос, интонация восходящая, порядок слов обратный: вспомогательный или модальный глагол + подлежащее)

Специальные вопросы

How can I book the trip? (вопрос, интонация нисходящая, порядок слов: вопросительное слово + вспомогательный глагол + подлежащее)

В этом задании нельзя задавать косвенные вопросы типа Do you think I can book the trip on the phone или  I wonder if I can book the trip on the phone.

Task 3

Imagine that these are photos from your photo album.

Choose one photo to present to your friend.

 


You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

  • where and when the photo was taken
  • what / who is in the photo
  • whatis happening
  • why you keep the photo in your album
  • why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I've chosen photo number...»

Sample answer

I've chosen photo number 2.  (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).

You know, every summer we go to the seaside to have a good rest. So, I took this photo two years ago when our family went to Egypt on summer holidays.  It was our first trip abroad.

In the foreground of the photo you can see my little brother Dmitry. He is riding a camel on a sandy beach. He looks very happy because he has never done it before. The camel is covered with bright colourful blanket made of wool. It also has got some funny pompons (decorations) on its head. The day is quite hot and sunny and there are no clouds in the sky. So, not to get sunburnt Dima is wearing a T-shirt.   

The sea is very calm. You can notice several snow-white yachts (ships) against the skyline. Every day they take people for offshore excursions where one can watch dolphins and exotic species of fish.

As a rule, I always take a lot of pictures while travelling. I often show them to my friends and relatives to share the best and the most thrilling moments of our journeys.  That’s why I keep them in my album.

I was really astonished (impressed, struck) by a funny look of the camel. It seems to me that the animal has got a smiling face. I decided to show this picture to you because I think it might improve your mood. I hope you find it amazing, too.

That is all I wanted to say. (обязательная фраза для экзаменатора, свидетельствующая о завершении коммуникации)

Task 4

Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
  • say what the pictures have in common
  • say in what way the pictures are different
  • say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
  • explain why

Christmas in Australia

Photo 1

Now I am going to compare and contrast [kən´traːst] these two photos.

To start with I should admit that holidays are an integral[in´teɡrəl]  part of our life no matter where we live. And these two photos are the evidence of what I have said.

Both pictures show people celebrating Christmas.

The first photo depicts a company of  six young people who are enjoying a holiday season on a sandy beach. They are wearing swimming suits, sunglasses and Santa’s hats. I’m not sure but it seems to me that it is a team of life-guards. In the background of the picture you can see a decorated Christmas tree, a large inflatable snowman and Santa Claus.

Singing Carols

Photo 2

As for the second picture it shows a young man and a young woman singing carols in the street which is beautifully decorated with lights. The weather is snowy and I suppose it’s pretty cold outside because they are wearing warm clothes, gloves and scarves. Even their dog has got a warm jacket and a scarf and that makes me think (I’ve got a feeling) that these people are very caring and love their pet very much.

As I have mentioned before the main similarity (the most obvious similarity) between these pictures is a festive atmosphere of Christmas. Also I get the impression that people in picture 1 and picture 2 are of the same age and look very joyful. Moreover, both pictures were taken outdoors (out-of-doors / in the open air).

Comparing these two pictures, I’d like to stress out that the most apparent (striking) difference between them is the season of the year. In the first photo the event might be taking place somewhere in Australia because Christmas Day usually falls in the middle of the summer in this country. In contrast, in the second picture you can see people in winter. I can only guess that they are probably British.  Besides, picture No 1 was taken during the daytime, while picture No 2 was taken at night.

All in all, I may say that I’d prefer to celebrate Christmas in Australia, because it is extremely unusual (awesome / thrilling / killing / dramatic) to celebrate totally winter holiday in summer.

That’s where I’d like to end. (I’ve come to the end of my speaking.)

Thank you for listening.

Используя приведенные выше примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части ЕГЭ по английскому языку, постройте свой ответ. Заучите необходимые для ответов фразы-клише. Настоятельно рекомендую следить за временем  во время подготовки к экзамену!

Практический совет!

Перейдите по этой ссылке и скачайте интерактивный тренажер для подготовки к Устной части ЕГЭ. Можно воспользоваться как бесплатной версией с доступом к одному варианту, так и платной, в которой предлагается выполнить 20 вариантов. Записанные в реальном времени ответы, будут сохраняться на вашем компьютере и у вас будет возможность их прослушать и проанализировать на предмет наличия ошибок. Тренажер полностью воспроизводит процедуру проведения устной части экзамена в том виде, как она отражена на сайте ФИПИ.  Я со своими учениками активно пользуюсь данной программой.

Поделитесь данной статьей со своими друзьями и коллегами в социальных сетях. 

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and colleagues on social nets.

школа брейкданса

ЕГЭ 2016 Устная часть Демонстрационный вариант ФИПИ

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Демонстрационный вариант устной части

контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена

                  по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ 2016 г.

 

Английский язык. 11 класс Демонстрационный вариант 2016 г.

© 2016 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации

Пояснения к демонстрационному варианту устной части

контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена 2016 года

по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

При ознакомлении с демонстрационным вариантом устной части контрольных измерительных материалов ЕГЭ 2016 г. по английскому языку следует иметь в виду, что задания, включённые в него, не отражают всех вопросов содержания, которые будут проверяться с помощью вариантов КИМ. Полный перечень вопросов, которые могут контролироваться на едином государственном экзамене, приведён в кодификаторе элементов содержания и требований к уровню подготовки выпускников образовательных организаций для проведения единого государственного экзамена 2016 г. по английскому языку.

Назначение демонстрационного варианта заключается в том, чтобы дать возможность любому участнику ЕГЭ и широкой общественности составить представление о структуре будущих КИМ, количестве заданий, об их форме и уровне сложности. Приведённые критерии оценки выполнения заданий с развёрнутым ответом, включённые в этот вариант, дают представление о требованиях к полноте и правильности развёрнутого ответа в устной форме. Эти сведения позволят выпускникам выработать стратегию подготовки к ЕГЭ.

 Английский язык. 11 класс Демонстрационный вариант 2016 г.

© 2016 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки Российской Федерации

Инструкция по выполнению заданий

Устная часть КИМ ЕГЭ по английскому языку включает в себя 4 задания.

Задание 1 – чтение вслух небольшого текста научно-популярного характера.

Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты.

В задании 2 предлагается ознакомиться с рекламным объявлением и задать пять вопросов на основе ключевых слов.

Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты.

В задании 3 предлагается выбрать одну из трёх фотографий и описать её на основе плана.

Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты.

В задании 4 ставится задача сравнить две фотографии на основе предложенного плана.

Время на подготовку – 1,5 минуты.

Общее время ответа одного экзаменуемого (включая время на подготовку) – 15 минут.

Каждое последующее задание выдаётся после окончания выполнения предыдущего задания. Всё время ответа ведётся аудио- и видеозапись.

Постарайтесь полностью выполнить поставленные задачи, старайтесь говорить ясно и чётко, не отходить от темы и следовать предложенному плану ответа. Так Вы сможете набрать наибольшее количество баллов.

 

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it. 

The mystery of why trees don’t stop growing is still unsolved. Human beings usually stop growing sometime during their teens. Many animals reach full growth within a year. Others are fully grown in just a few years. Birds and insects also stop growing at a certain age. But trees keep growing as long as they live.

Trees live, grow, and reproduce themselves by an amazing process. The thousands of leaves put forth by the tree breathe for it and manufacture its food. Its root system gathers minerals and vast quantities of water. To carry this water to the leaves, the tree is equipped with an intricate circulation system that extends upward from the millions of root hairs through the trunk and branches. The trunk holds the leaves up to the sunlight, sends them water from the roots, and gets food back from them. Then seeds are borne in flowers or cones.

Listen to this audiofile

Аудиозапись: Adobe Flash Player (версия 9 или выше) требуется для воспроизведения этой аудиозаписи. Скачать последнюю версию здесь. К тому же, в Вашем браузере должен быть включен JavaScript.

Mind your pronunciation! – Следите за произношением!

[iː] – tree, teens, keep, seeds, reach, leaves, breathe [briːð]

[ɜː] – birds, circulation, certain

[θ] – growth, forth, thousand, through [θruː]

[ð] their, others, themselves, breathe [briːð], gather, within

Vocabulary

to grow (grew, grown) – расти

growth – рост

insect – насекомое

to reproduce – воспроизводить, размножаться

to manufacture [mænju´fæktʃə] – производить

intricate [´intrikət] – сложный, запутанный

to breathe [briːð] – дышать (Не путайте с breath [breθ] – дыхание)

to extend – простираться, протягивать, удлинять, расширять

leaf  (sing.) – leaves (pl.) лист – листья

roots – корни

trunk [trʌŋk] – 1) ствол 2) сундук 3) хобот 4) багажник

seeds – семена

cone [kəun] – 1) конус 2) шишка (у хвойных деревьев) 3) рожок с мороженым

 

Task 2. Study the advertisement.

                                                 Welcome to our school of breakdance!

школа брейкданса 

You are considering starting breakdance lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) tuition fee

2) course location

3) duration of the course

4) special clothes

5) evening classes

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Sample answer

  1. What is the tuition fee? / How much are the breakdance lessons? / How much do the classes cost?
  2. Where is your school located?
  3. What is the length of the course? / What is the duration of the course? / How long is the course?
  4. Do I need any special clothes? / I need to have some special clothes, don't I?
  5. Are evening classes available? / Are there evening classes at your school? / Do you offer evening classes? / Can I attend evening classes?

 

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album.

Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

  • where and when the photo was taken
  • what/who is in the photo
  • what is happening
  • why you keep the photo in your album
  • why you decided to show the picture to your friend

Важно!

Обратите внимание на изменения, которые произошли в формулировке задания 3:

  • пункт 1 Where and when the photo was taken (было When you took the photo) — это значит, что при выполнении этого задания теперь не имеет значения, кто сделал фото (вы, ваши друзья или родственники), то есть по словам Вербицкой М. В. «Кто угодно мог сделать эту фотографию» (смотрите вебинар Вербицкой М.В. «Технологии подготовки к ОГЭ и ЕГЭ»)
  • пункт 4 Why you keep this photo in your album (было Why you took this photo)

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

"I’ve chosen photo number… " 

Sample answer

I've chosen photo number 1.  (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).

I should say that my family means a lot to me because they are people I can always rely on.

I took this photo two months ago when my parents and I went to Voronezh to visit my elder brother’s family. Recently they have moved into a new flat and invited us to a house-warming party. I always enjoy our trips to Voronezh and think it is a very nice place to live in.

In the foreground of the picture you can see my brother Max, his wife Julia and their daughter Stacy. They are sitting on a comfortable white sofa in the living room. Stacy is sitting on her mother’s lap. They are smiling and seem to be very happy because at last their dream came true. I should say that Max loves his daughter and wife very much and always takes care of them.

In the background of the picture there is a white bookcase with open shelves. I like their decision to furnish the room in white colour because it makes the room look wider. As my brother works as a journalist for a local newspaper you can see a lot of books and magazines on the shelves.

My brother lives quite far from our hometown and we can’t see each other very often. So, I always take pictures of him and his family to recollect the moments we spent together. Moreover, I used this photo for my school project called “My Family Tree”. That's why I keep this photo in my album.

I decided to show this photo to you because you have never seen my niece Stacy who is a very cute and bright girl before.

That’s all I wanted to say. (Закончите Ваш ответ этой фразой)

Sample answer

I've chosen photo number 3 (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).

You know, I’ve got a lot of pictures connected with New Year and Christmas celebrations in my album, but this one is special because our friends from Germany, Hilda and Otto, sent it for us.

It was taken on the 25th of December in their home in Dresden.

Of course, you can’t see Hilda because she was trying to capture this wonderful moment and I think she did her best.

In the foreground of the picture you can see her husband Otto and her daughter Greta.  They are both in a festive mood, smiling at each other. Greta is wearing a lovely red dress which is a traditional colour of Christmas. Her hair is nicely done in curls. She is carrying a Christmas present which, she believes, was brought by Santa Claus. The father and the daughter look very happy.

In the background of the picture there is a decorated Christmas tree.

Hilda’s hobby is photography and she used some special effects such as falling snow in the picture that’s why it looks so magic.

I keep this photo in my album because it’s a kind of “Hello” and a Christmas greeting from our friends from abroad. (I keep this photo in my album because it reminds me of the joy of holiday seasons.)

I decided to show this picture to you because you are interested in photography too and you might also want to use these effects in your photos. So, I hope you enjoyed watching it.

That’s all I wanted to say.( Закончите Ваш ответ этой фразой)

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
  • say what the pictures have in common
  • say in what way the pictures are different
  • say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
  • explain why

задание 4 фото 1

Photo 1

Now I will compare and contrast [kən´traːst] these two photos.

I would like to point out right from the beginning that hobbies make our life more exciting. And these two photos prove that.

I think that the theme which relates these photos is the way people spend their free time.

Let me start with the first picture which shows a young girl who is in the kitchen at the moment. It looks as if she is going to cook a vegetarian dish because on the left side of the picture you can see a lot of fresh vegetables. I get the impression that the girl leads a healthy life style as she looks very slim and sporty. Although she is wearing shorts and a top, it is not clear from the picture what season of the year it is.

As for the second picture it also shows a young girl who is enjoying snowboarding in her free time. She is wearing goggles, mittens, and special sports clothing that may protect her from the strong wind when she slides down the hill. Unfortunately, I can’t see her wearing a helmet which might be dangerous. It seems to me she feels excited and looks very confident balancing her snowboard.

задание 4 фото 2

Photo 2

As I’ve already mentioned both photos depict people’s hobbies. The main similarity between photo 1 and photo 2 is that they show young girls who are practically of the same age.  Both girls keep fit and seem to be in a good mood enjoying their leisure time.

The most obvious difference between these pictures is kinds of hobbies which are cooking and snowboarding. Moreover, the girl in photo 1 is wearing summer clothes and is depicted indoors, while the girl in photo 2 is wearing warm clothes and is shown outdoors. To my mind she is taking a risk going snowboarding.

Frankly speaking, this activity is not my cup of tea. I would never take up to this kind of sport.

Summarizing, I may say that I would rather learn to cook because it’s a useful skill for my future life ( because I want to eat healthy food and keep fit).

I’ve come to the end of my talk. Thank you for listening. (Завершающая фраза)

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

С дополнительными образцами выполнения заданий Устной части ЕГЭ по английскому языку вы можете ознакомиться  здесь и здесь.

Предлагаю вам посмотреть разъяснения руководителя Федеральной предметной комиссии разработчиков ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам, доктора филологических наук, профессора МГУ имени  М.В. Ломоносова М.В. Вербицкой по поводу заданий устной части ЕГЭ в 2016 году.

Good Luck in Your Exam!

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