В этой статье представлены примерные образцы выполнения заданий устной части (Speaking Part) ЕГЭ 2016 по английскому языку. Это вторая статья из данного цикла. Статья написана с учетом изменений, которые произошли в формулировке задания 3 (пункт 1 и пункт 4) в 2016 году. Задания подобраны на основе рекомендаций ведущих экспертов ЕГЭ. Надеюсь, данный материал поможет вам в подготовке к экзамену.
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read this text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
No single person or culture invented the alphabet – it has evolved over centuries. In order to understand modern alphabets, we must take a trip back through time.
Archeologists have discovered cave paintings thousands of years old that document the first forms of alphabets. In fact, some of the oldest alphabetic symbols have been found in the Middle East more than 5,000 years ago.
One of the earliest forms of the alphabet was hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics were single symbols that stood for entire words. Thousands of characters and symbols were used to represent the words, needs, and lives of early civilizations.
Memorizing of thousands of unique hieroglyphic symbols was a difficult task, so only the most highly educated priests and scholars were experts.
The Latin alphabet, also called the “Roman alphabet”, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. This is the system on which the English alphabet is based.
Listen to this audiofile[audio:http://smashtrash.ru/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/the_invention_of_the_alphabet.mp3]
Mind your pronunciation!
[ɜ:] – person, expert, first, word, world
[i] – system, symbol, hieroglyphic
[f] – alphabet, hieroglyphic
[k] – archeologist, character, scholar
[θ] – through, thousand
to evolve [i´vɔlv] – развиваться, эволюционировать
through [θru:] – сквозь, через
alphabet [´ælfəbət] – алфавит
hieroglyphic [ˏhaiərəu´ɡlifik] – иероглифический, состоящий из иероглифов
character [´kærəktə] – характер, признак, буква, иероглиф, символ
scholar [´skɔlə] – ученый, филолог
priest [pri:st] – священник
entire [in´taiə] – целый
unique [ju:´ni:k] – уникальный, единственный
— Прослушайте несколько раз прилагаемый к тексту аудио файл, обращая внимание на интонационное и фонетическое оформление текста.
— Прочитайте текст, копируя интонацию и произношение слов в английском языке. Особое внимание обратите на понижение интонации в конце предложения, которая указывает на законченность мысли. И наоборот, нужно читать текст, повышая интонацию при перечислениях (кроме последнего слова); так же восходящая интонация используется для выражения незаконченной мысли или сомнения.
— Не забывайте, что предлоги, союзы и артикли нужно читать слитно с глаголами и существительными.
— Не оглушайте звонкие согласные в конце слова, ибо это может изменить лексическое значение слова.
— В процессе подготовки к ЕГЭ уделяйте достаточно внимания изучению новых слов (правописание + лексическое значение).
Study the advertisement.
You are considering taking part in a quiz in order to win a free £50 voucher to the Whitlingham Outdoor Centre and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
- deadline for answers (конечный срок для отправки ответов)
- the way of picking a winner (спросите о способе выбора победителя)
- age of applicants (возраст участников)
- if an applicant must live in Norfolk (должен ли участник викторины проживать в Норфолке)
- list of activities available (список возможных мероприятий /видов деятельности)
- What is the deadline for sending the answer?
- How will you pick a winner? / What is the way of picking a winner? / Will you pick a winner at random?
- How old must be the applicants? / What age is suitable for applicants?
- Must an applicant live in Norfolk?
- Where can I get the list of activities at the outdoor centre? / Is there a list of possible activities at the centre? / Can I find the list of possible activities on your website? / What outdoor activities do you offer? / What kinds of activities are available at your center?
at random – случайным образом
Imagine that these are photos from your photo album.
Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
- where and when the photo was taken
- what/who is in the photo
- whatis happening
- why you keep the photo in your album
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with
“I’ve chosen photo number…”
Sample answer (photo No 3)
I’ve chosen photo number 3. (Обязательно начните ответ с этой фразы, предварительно выбрав номер фотографии).
I should say that a lot of amazing and curious things always happen around us daily. Look at this picture, for example. It’s really fabulous, isn’t it? My mum took it two years ago when she was travelling around Italy.
In the foreground of the picture you can see a street performer. It looks like he is floating in the air. It’s unbelievable but he is not touching the ground. The man is wearing bright orange Hindu clothes that’s why I think he might be a yoga practitioner. In front of him there is a little box for charity.
In the background of the picture there are some ruins of the ancient buildings. As my mum says it’s one of the most famous historical sights of Rome.
I keep this photo in my album because I was totally impressed by this unusual / fantastic / incredible / stunning / gimmick.
To tell the truth, I don’t really believe in the power of levitation. I’m sure it’s just a kind of illusion. I decided to show this photo to you because I’m eager to know if you have any idea how this trick works. (I decided to show this photo to you because I have always wanted to know the secrets of this performance and maybe together we find out the answer).
That’s all I wanted to say. (Конец ответа)
gimmick [´ɡimik] – уловка, трюк, хитрость, диковинка
fabulous – сказочный, потрясающий
stunning [´stʌniŋ] – сногсшибательный, ошеломляющий
incredible [in´kredibl] – невообразимый, потрясающий
levitation [levi´teiʃ(ə)n] – ощущение полета
to float [fləut] – плыть в воздухе, парить
to be eager [´i:ɡə] to do smth – сильно хотеть чего-то
Study the photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which kind of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
Now I am going to compare and contrast [kən´trɑ:st] these two photos. (start with this phrase)
Just at the beginning I would go as far as to say that lots of people are fond of dancing because it is a good way to express their feelings and emotions. And now let’s take a closer look at these two photos.
In the first picture you can see a group of people performing a folk dance on the stage. They are wearing nicely designed scarlet costumes embroidered with pearls and gold work. I am fairly sure that they are performing one of the traditional Russian dances because the girls are wearing kokoshniks which are an integral part of Russian folk costumes (which are a typical head-dress of Russian folk costumes). It looks as if all dancers are in a good mood.
In the second picture I’d like to draw your attention to the couple who might be dancing tango. The man looks very elegant in his black suit as well as his partner in a beautiful red dress. They seem to be showing some dramatic and complex figures.
The main similarity between picture 1 and picture 2 is that they both display / show / depict people who take up dancing. Another resemblance is that people in both pictures are wearing their stage costumes instead of their casual clothes.
The most obvious difference between picture 1 and picture 2 is the style of dances. I’m pretty confident that in picture 1 people are performing a folk dance, whereas picture 2 depicts a kind of ballroom dancing. What is more, in comparison to picture 1 where you can see a folk ensemble (a lot of people), picture 2 shows a partner dance (two people).
As for me, I would prefer to take up ballroom dancing because I am a hot-tempered person so this style of dancing with its speed and emotions will better reflect my character.
Summarizing, I may say that taking part into dancing activity is a good way of recreation.
That’s where I’d like to end.
scarlet [´skɑ:lət] – ярко-красный, алый
to embroider [im´brɔidə] – вышивать, украшать вышивкой
pearl [pɜ:l] – жемчуг
kokoshnik – кокошник
head-dress – головной убор
integral part [in´teɡr(ə)l] – неотъемлемая часть
folk dance [fəuk] – народный танец
ballroom dance – бальный танец
tango [´tæŋɡəu] – танго
couple [´kʌpl] – пара
ensemble [ɑ:n´sɑ:mb(ə)l] – ансамбль
to draw one’s attention – привлечь внимание
recreation [ˏrikri´eiʃn] – отдых
If you like the material, share it with those who might need it.
Good luck in your exam!